Each resident in the categorical residency program and three combined programs will have a minimum of 18 months of protected research time to develop a clinical or laboratory research project of their interest. Support for additional years of research training may be available. This research period is supported by a NIH T32 research training grant to Johns Hopkins University and/or institutional funds. Residents will complete online training of Basic Humman Subject Research and Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR). Residents may complete additional research related course works such as Scientific Grant Writing. Residents willl be mentored by T32 training program faculty members (n=42) on their research projects. The establishment of the training consortium with NHGRI medical genetics residency program has greatly expanded research training opportunities with world renowend investigators in medical genetics at NHGRI and other Institutes of NIH. At the completion of their research training, residents are expected to present their research works at National and/or International genetics meetings and publish their studies at peer-reviewed scientific journals. Submitting applications to internal and external funding to support research and career development are highly encouraged.