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Obesity Research

During the past 20 years, obesity among adults has risen significantly in the United States. The latest data from the National Center for Health Statistics show that a third of U.S. adults 20 years of age and older—over 100 million people—are obese. This increase is not limited to adults, but has also affected young people. Among youth, 18 percent of children aged 6-11 years and 21 percent of teens aged 12–19 years are considered obese. These rates of obesity have substantial implications for Americans’ health. Being obese increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions, including: 1) High blood pressure (hypertension); 2) High cholesterol (dyslipidemia); 3) Type 2 diabetes; 4) Coronary heart disease (heart attack); 4) Stroke; 5) Gallbladder disease; 6) Arthritis; 7) Sleep apnea; and 8) Some cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon).

Although one of the national health objectives for the year 2020 is to reduce the prevalence of obesity among adults by 10 percent, current data indicate that the situation is not improving. Hopkins GIM faculty members are investigating obesity across the full range of its natural history and complications, as well as working to combat the epidemic by researching various strategies and interventions

Information about the faculty working in this research area and their projects is provided below.

Photo of Dr. Lawrence J. Appel, M.D., M.P.H.

Appel, Lawrence J., M.D., M.P.H.

Professor of Medicine
Director, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, The Johns Hopkins University
The C. David Molina, M.D., M.P.H. Professor of Medicine, Epidemiology and International Health
Research Interests: Hypertension, Cardiovascular and Kidney Disease Prevention, Lifestyle Modification
Photo of Dr. Wendy Lynet Bennett, M.D., M.P.H.

Bennett, Wendy Lynet, M.D., M.P.H.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Research Interests: Obesity, Diabetes, Women''s health
Photo of Dr. Jeanne Marie Clark, M.D., M.P.H.

Clark, Jeanne Marie, M.D., M.P.H.

Professor of Medicine
Director, Division of General Internal Medicine
Executive Director, Brancati Center for the Advancement of Community Care
Research Interests: Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Photo of Dr. Gail Lois Daumit, M.D., M.H.S.

Daumit, Gail Lois, M.D., M.H.S.

Professor of Medicine
Joint Appointment in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Research Director, Division of General Internal Medicine
Co-Chair, Institutional Review Board X
Research Interests: Health disparities, Access to and quality of primary medical care for individuals with severe and persistent mental illness, Medical comorbidity, Epidemiology and prevention of comorbid disease in serious mental illness
Photo of Dr. Kimberly Anne Gudzune, M.D., M.P.H.

Gudzune, Kimberly Anne, M.D., M.P.H.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Research Interests: Obesity, Patient-provider relationships, Social networks
Photo of Dr. Felicia Hill-Briggs, Ph.D.

Hill-Briggs, Felicia, Ph.D.

Professor of Medicine
Senior Director of Population Health Research and Development, Johns Hopkins HealthCare, LLC
Director of Diabetes Research, Trinidad and Tobago Health Sciences Initiative, Johns Hopkins International
Director, Behavior, Cognition, and Psychometrics Sub-Core, Diabetes Research Center
Core Faculty, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research
Co-Lead, Behavioral, Social and Systems Science, Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Research (ICTR)
Research Interests: Neuropsychology, Chronic disease self-management, Functional impairment and disability, Health disparities, Behavioral intervention trials
Photo of Dr. Nisa Marisa Maruthur, M.D., M.H.S.

Maruthur, Nisa Marisa, M.D., M.H.S.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Co-Director, General Internal Medicine Fellowship Program
Research Interests: Diabetes prevention, Obesity, Genetic epidemiology, Type 2 diabetes, Pharmacogenetics, Clinical trials
Photo of Dr. Dhananjay Madhukar Vaidya, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., Ph.D.

Vaidya, Dhananjay Madhukar, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Research Interests: Mechanisms of vascular dysfunction, Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors
Photo of Dr. Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Ph.D.

Yeh, Hsin-Chieh, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Associate Professor of Oncology
Sr. Epidemiologist, Osler Housestaff Research Program
Director, GIM Methods Core
Director, JHU-UMD Diabetes Research Center Health Care and Population Science Core
Core Faculty Member, Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research
Research Interests: obesity and cancer, cancer epidemiology, clinical trials, racial disparity
Photo of Dr. Jeffery Hunter Young, M.D., M.H.S.

Young, Jeffery Hunter, M.D., M.H.S.

Associate Professor of Medicine
Assistant Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Research Interests: Insulin resistance, Hypertension, Novel risk factors for CVD, Genetic epidemiology

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