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Brain Injury and Stroke

According to the American Heart Association, stroke affects nearly 500,000 individuals a year and is the leading cause of disability in older adults. Another 1.7 million people sustain some form of traumatic brain injury. For most people, surviving an acquired brain injury or illness or stroke is just the first step in recovery, and nearly every patient will need some form of rehabilitation in order to restore function and thrive.

Our brain and stroke rehabilitation team understands there are many challenges for patients recovering from brain injury, illness or stroke. Whether you or your loved one require one or multiple services, we will partner with you and your family to develop a customized rehabilitation plan to meet your unique goals.

The Sheikh Khalifa Stroke Institute

Created through support from the United Arab Emirates, the Sheikh Khalifa Stroke Institute will comprise two centers: one devoted to stroke detection and diagnosis and the other to treatment, recovery and rehabilitation. The latter will be led by Dr. Pablo Celnik who, together with other innovative teams at Johns Hopkins, will be exploring new directions in poststroke therapy, with studies of how and why certain individuals recover (or do not), and how the brain can compensate through activating undamaged areas. Using video game technology and other approaches, Johns Hopkins experts are discovering the brain’s resilience and redefining what it means to recover from stroke.

Brain Injury and Stroke-Related Conditions We Treat

  • Balance disorders
  • Behavioral problems (impulsivity, disinhibition, low frustration tolerance)
  • Chemo brain (cognitive issues post chemotherapy)
  • Cognitive disorders
  • Contractures
  • Emotional adjustment to disability
  • Language disorders (aphasia)
  • Sensory disorders
  • Spasticity
  • Speech disorders
  • Swallowing disorders
  • Walking difficulty
  • Weakness

This multi-faceted program is staffed by specialists in brain dysfunction who recognize the individual needs of each patient. Each patient's treatment plan is tailored to achieve their goals of restoring function and returning to important life activities.

Mary surrounded by her rehabilitation team posing for a photograph

Stroke Rehabilitation: Mary’s Story

At 88 years old, Mary is an avid Scrabble player and church choir singer. She knows her way around the iPad. And even after her stroke, she wasn’t about to give up her favorite things in life.

Read Mary's story.

Our treatments include:

  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Neuropsychological evaluation
  • Gait assessment and training
  • Endurance training
  • Fatigue management training
  • Speech and language evaluation and treatment
  • Activities of daily living training
  • Swallowing problems evaluation and treatment
  • Low vision rehabilitation
  • Wheel-chair evaluations and training
  • Work conditions and evaluations
  • Rehabilitation engineering

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Can Help

Whatever your rehabilitation objectives, our team can help with:

Articles and Videos about the Brain and Stroke Rehabilitation Program

To read more about the Brain and Stroke Rehabilitation Program at Johns Hopkins Hospital, please see the following news articles:

  • After the Big Bang:  an article about rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury.
  • Innovations in PM&R: articles about advancing research in brain injury and stroke recovery
  • Back in the Swim: Patient Corey Davis gets back to his favorite activities post traumatic brain injury

Finding Hope After Traumatic Brain Injury: Corey Davis's Story

Corey Davis was in a motorcycle accident that had left him in a coma for seven weeks and had caused severe traumatic brain injury. Kathleen Bechtold, Ph.D, director of the Johns Hopkins Brain Rehabilitation Program, worked with Corey following his accident to improve his physical and cognitive health. Corey now competes in triathlons and is the founder of Ocean Games.


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