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Eye Conditions

Below you will find a list of conditions treated at the Wilmer Eye Institute. Select the condition below to learn more about it and how it is treated here.

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is the most common eye disorder in children. In amblyopia, vision in one of the eyes is impaired because the eye and the brain are not working together properly.

Age-related Macular Degeneration
Not easily detectable, macular degeration is the leading cause of severe, permanent vision loss in Americans over 50.

Artificial Cornea
When a natural cornea transplant is not an option, artificial corneas may work.

Blepharitis is a common inflammatory condition that typically affects the eyelids, but can secondarily involve the cornea and conjunctiva.

Appearing as cloudy areas in the eye's lens, cataracts cause loss of vision and eventually blindness.

Corneal Disease
Wilmer specialists diagnose and treat a wide variety of diseases and injuries to the cornea such as infections and scratches.

Diabetic Retinopathy
This common complication of diabetes can cause swelling of the retina (macular edema) and mild to moderate blurring of vision.

Dry Eye/Sjögren's Syndrome
Characteristic symptoms include sandy or burning sensation, discomfort, blurred vision, and redness of the eye that progress as the day goes on.

Episcleritis is an inflammatory condition affecting the episcleral tissue between the conjunctiva and the sclera (the white part of the eye) that occurs in the absence of an infection.

Eye Infections
Physicians treat viral, bacterial, fungal and parasitic infections of the eye and potentially serious complications of allergies and infections.

Eye Tumors
Affecting vision, tumors usually arise as retinoblastoma in children and melanoma in adults.

Glaucoma is a group of disorders in which vision is progressively lost, most often without symptoms noticed by the affected person over a period of years.

Inflamed and Irritated Eyes
Includes conditions Allergic and Chronic Conjunctivitis, Blephartis, Episcleritis, Keratitis (Corneal Ulcers), Ocular Citatrical Pemphigoid/Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid, Pterygium, Scleritis, and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Keratitis (Corneal Ulcers)
Keratitis is an inflammation or irritation of the cornea (the transparent membrane covering the iris and pupil) characterized by typical symptoms of red eye, foreign body sensation, pain, sensitivity to light, watery eyes, and blurred vision.

Keratoconus is an eye disease that affects the structure of the cornea, resulting in loss of vision.

Low Vision and Visual Rehabilitation
Low Vision, caused by a variety of diseases, is a collective term for vision loss that cannot be reversed by glasses, medication, or surgery.

Nearsightedness, Farsightedness and Astigmatism
Difficulty in seeing objects close-up, far away, and other blurry vision is caused by irregular eyeballs.

Ocular Citatrical Pemphigoid/Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid
Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid (MMP) is a rare, inflammatory autoimmune disorder characterized by blistering lesions that affect the mucous membranes of the body, especially the mouth and the eyes.

Optic Neuritis
Optic neuritis is a condition that affects the eye and your vision. It occurs when your optic nerve is inflamed.

Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
Pinkeye, or conjunctivitis, is an irritation or infection of the conjunctiva, the membrane that lines the inside of the eyelid and the whites of the eyes.

A pterygium is a raised, wedge-shaped growth of the conjunctiva (the surface tissue of the white of the eye) that extends onto the cornea.

Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery
Wilmer surgeons can correct the eye's appearance if damaged or changed by time.

Scleritis, similar to episcleritis in terms of appearance and symptoms, is usually much more painful and can lead to vision loss due to progressive inflammation of the ocular tissues.

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) is a disorder that causes painful blisters and lesions on the skin and mucous membranes and can cause severe eye problems.

Wilmer's Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Service specializes in the treatment of strabismusa. Also known as crossed eyes, strabismus is the misalignment of the eyes, causing one eye to deviate inward (esotropia) toward the nose, or outward (exotropia), while the other eye remains focused.

Thyroid Eye Disease
Thyroid eye disease causes inflammation in the soft tissues of the eye socket and can lead to compression of the optic nerve and damage to the cornea, which can result in double vision or even vision loss.

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