General radiology, which uses X-rays to produce an image of the inside of the body, is the oldest and most commonly recognized form of medical imaging. Bones, lungs, and the stomach and bowels are all frequently examined using X-rays.
X-rays are also used when a tube or other medical equipment needs to be placed in the body. An X-ray image quickly lets the radiologist know if the location is correct.
X-ray technology is safe when used properly. Radiologists and radiologic technologists are specially trained to use the minimum amount of X-rays needed to produce a diagnostic image. These experts understand how to image both adults and children safely.
Fluoroscopy is a special form of X-ray. Using fluoroscopy, X-ray images can be viewed like an X-ray movie, and the radiologist can see internal organs like the colon in motion. Fluoroscopy also helps the radiologist understand how some organs like the stomach empty the food you eat and determine if the stomach is working well.
Types of fluoroscopy exams include:
- Barium enema
- Barium swallow (cine esophagram)
- Upper GI series
- Small bowel series
- Lumbar puncture
- Pelvic floor studies
- Swallowing functional studies
- Gastrointestinal imaging
- Postoperative fluoroscopy exams
- Dynamic pelvic floor fluoroscopic exams
- Musculoskeletal imaging
- Fluoroscopic guidance for joint aspiration procedures