BRAIN STIMULATION Long-standing and evolving technologies continue to provide safe, effective treatment for many psychiatric illnesses

Brain Stimulation Services at Johns Hopkins

  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

    Long known for its effectiveness, especially in the treatment of medication-resistant depression, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most applied and tested treatment methods for many psychiatric illnesses.

  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

    Repetitive TMS (rTMS) has been shown to be a safe and well-tolerated procedure that can be an effective treatment for patients with depression who have not benefitted from antidepressant medications or cannot tolerate antidepressant medications due to side-effects.

  • Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

    Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an emerging treatment option that is showing promise in clinical trials for mood and cognitive disorders such as major depression and Alzheimer’s disease. Learn more about currently FDA approved conditions.

Brain Stimulation Research

The field of brain stimulation continues to evolve as technology improves and as we learn more about brain function and how these treatment methods affect it. Our research program includes clinical trials utilizing ECT and TMS as well as laboratory investigations into how they work and how they can be improved.

Expert Team

Irving Michael Reti, M.B.B.S.

Director, Brain Stimulation Program
Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Irving Michael Reti

Christina Rose Miller, M.D.

Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

Christina Rose Miller

Melinda Walker, R.N.

ECT Nurse Coordinator

Nicholas Rebbert

Shannon Yorkman, M.S., M.S.N.

Lead Nurse Anesthetist

Nicholas Rebbert

Bobby Bethea, C.T.

TMS Technician

Nicholas Rebbert

Michael Tibbs, Ph.D.

Brain Stimulation Program Coordinator

Nicholas Rebbert

Contact Us


The Brain Stimulation Program
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
600 N. Wolfe Street
Meyer 7-120
Baltimore, MD 21287

Patients and visitors, please use the Wolfe Street entrance at the end of the traffic circle.

Outpatient rTMS or ECT Contact

Michael Tibbs, Program Coordinator
Phone: 410-614-1732
Fax: 410-614-8128
Email: [email protected]

Inpatient ECT Admission

Psychiatry admissions coordinators
Phone: 410-955-5104
Fax: 410-955-6155
Email: [email protected]