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Pediatric Orthopaedic Fellowship

The Johns Hopkins Pediatric Orthopaedic Fellowship provides comprehensive training for people who want to practice pediatric orthopaedic surgery in a private practice or academic setting. The fellow will obtain experience both in the clinic and operating room. This well-rounded fellowship includes ample clinical and research opportunities.


  • Positions: one clinical fellow
  • Duration: 12 months (Aug. 1 to July 31)
  • Stipend: approximately $70,000 plus benefits
  • Call: weekday and weekends, 1:5
  • Location: The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Apply via SF Match

Program History+

The Johns Hopkins Department of Orthopaedic Surgery has a long tradition of strong academic medicine and innovation. William Halsted trained William Baer and then appointed him as one of the country’s first orthopaedic surgery department heads. Baer, in turn, trained a large percentage of the orthopaedic leaders throughout the world.

Our tradition of leadership involved pediatrics from the start. Baer established a pediatric orthopaedic hospital in Baltimore in 1909. For 82 years, Children’s Hospital of Baltimore was the country’s premier orthopaedic surgery training facility. Its function has been replaced with the expanded pediatric activities of The Johns Hopkins Hospital and the establishment of Johns Hopkins Children’s Center.

The full-service pediatric facility contains 205 beds plus a 41-bed pediatric intensive care unit and a 45-bed neonatal intensive care unit. A full complement of referral services is available, including a dedicated level 1 pediatric emergency department. The only such facility in Maryland, it has a wide catchment and referral base that provide the opportunity for exposure to all common pediatric orthopaedic injuries, as well as many rare ones including a wide variety of spinal column injuries.

Prior notable pediatric orthopaedic surgeons at Johns Hopkins include Vernon Tolo (president of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America — POSNA — and Scoliosis Research Society), Paul Griffin (POSNA president) and Nancy Hadley-Miller (leader in the study of scoliosis genetics). The pediatric orthopaedic service currently carries out 1,200 surgical procedures and 10,000 clinical visits yearly.

Program at a Glance+

Our pediatric orthopaedics team:

  • Five attendings
  • One fellow
  • One chief resident
  • Two physician assistants
  • Four nurse practitioners
  • Four residents

In this program, you will have the opportunity to learn:

  • Spinal instrumentation — anterior and posterior
  • Sacral alar iliac (SAI) fixation of the pelvis
  • Growing rods
  • Prosthetic rib device implantation
  • Percutaneous spondylolysis stabilization
  • Periacetabular (Ganz/Bernese) osteotomies
  • Hip arthroscopy
  • Surgical hip dislocation
  • Physeal-sparing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction
  • Osteochondritis dissecans management
  • Simultaneous multilevel Surgery for cerebral palsy (CP)
  • Crouch correction in CP
  • Pediatric trauma management (from A to Z)
Curriculum and Experience+

Weekly Teaching Schedule

Daily: radiology board rounds
Monday: attending teaching conference
Tuesday: physical exam session
Wednesday: resident teaching conference
Thursday: Grand Rounds
Friday: preoperative conference

Monthly Fellow Conference

One-on-one hour with attending discussing key articles and cases in one subspecialty

Fellowship Clinical Opportunities

There is ample opportunity to be involved in specific cases as well as teaching and mentoring junior and senior residents in addition to medical students. The fellow has his or her own clinic and can operate on cases generated from that clinic after formulating a plan with the faculty. The fellow also can experience pediatric call once oriented to the Children’s Center.

Fellowship Core Faculty+
Photo of Dr. Rushyuan Jay Lee, M.D.

Lee, Rushyuan Jay, M.D.

Expertise, Disease and Conditions: ACL Reconstruction, Ankle Injuries, Arthroscopic Surgery, Discoid Meniscus, Elbow Injuries, Growth Plate and Physeal-Sparing ACL Reconstruction, Knee Dislocations, Knee Injuries, Lateral Collateral Ligament Tears (LCL) Injury, Leg Length Inequality, Loose Body Removal (Knee), Medial Collateral Ligament Tears (MCL) Injury, Medial Patellar Femoral Ligament (MPFL) Injury, Meniscus Tears, Multi-Ligament Knee Injuries, Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Osteochondral Defects, Osteochondral Lesions, Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee, Patellar Dislocations, Patellar Instability Stabilization, Pediatric ACL Reconstruction, Shoulder Dislocations, Shoulder Disorders, Shoulder Instability Stabilization Surgery, Shoulder Labral Tear, Sports Injuries, Superior Labrum Anterior and Posterior (SLAP) Lesions, Tear - Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), Tear - Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Tibial Spine/Eminence Fracture
Research Interests: ACL tears, Injuries in Young Athletes, Fractures, Multi-Ligament Knee Injuries, Patellar Dislocations and Instability, Meniscus Tears and Discoid Meniscus, Osteochondritis Dissecans, Arthroscopy, Fracture Care
Photo of Dr. Claire Elizabeth Shannon, M.D.

Shannon, Claire Elizabeth, M.D.

Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Achondroplasia, Amniotic Band Syndrome (ABS), Aneurysmal Bone Cyst, Arthrogryposis, Blount's Disease, Bow Legs, Clubfeet, Congenital Foot Disorders, Congenital Hand Anomalies, Flat Feet, Foot Deformities, Hip Conditions, Hip Dysplasia, Knock Knees, Leg Angular Deformity, Leg Length Inequality, Limb Salvage Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Osteoblastoma, Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Osteoid Osteoma, Osteomyelitis, Pediatric Foot Care, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Pediatric Orthopaedics, Perthes Disease, Polydactyly (extra fingers), Rickets, Skeletal Dysplasias, Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE)
Photo of Dr. Paul David Sponseller, M.D.

Sponseller, Paul David, M.D.

Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Achondroplasia, Blount's Disease, Cerebral Palsy, Fractures, Hip Dislocations, Hip Dysplasia, Kyphosis, Leg Length Inequality, Marfan Syndrome, Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Osteomyelitis, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Pediatric Orthopaedics, Pediatric Spinal Deformity, Scoliosis, Skeletal Dysplasias, Spina Bifida, Spinal Fixation, Spinal Fusion, Spine and Spinal Deformities, Spondylolisthesis, Spondylosis
Research Interests: Marfan Syndrome, Pediatric Spinal Deformity, Bladder exstrophy, Pediatric skeletal trauma
Photo of Dr. John Edgar Tis, M.D.

Tis, John Edgar, M.D.

Expertise, Disease and Conditions: ACL Reconstruction, Ankle Arthroscopy, Arthroscopic Surgery, Cerebral Palsy, Elbow Arthroscopy, Hip Dislocations, Hip Dysplasia, Hip Impingement, Hip Labral Tears, Knee Joint Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery, Labral Tears of the Hip, Orthopaedic Surgery, Orthopaedics, Pediatric ACL Reconstruction, Pediatric and Adolescent Sports Injuries, Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Pediatric Orthopaedics, Pelvic Osteotomies, Scoliosis, Shoulder Arthroscopy, Shoulder Dislocations, Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE), Spondylolisthesis, Sports Injuries, Sports Medicine
Research Interests: Biomechanics, Sports medicine, Knee Ligament Injuries, Hip Dysplasia (dislocated hips), Shoulder Injuries and Dislocations, Osteochondritis Dessicans, Hip Arthroscopy
Photo of Dr. Ranjit Abraham Varghese, M.B.B.S.

Varghese, Ranjit Abraham, M.B.B.S.

Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Angular Deformity Legs, Arthrogryposis, Blount's Disease, Bone Fractures, Cerebral Palsy, Clubfeet, Congenital Foot Disorders, Foot Deformities, Genu Valgum, Genu Varum, Hip Dysplasia, Neuromuscular Disease, Orthopaedic Surgery, Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Osteomyelitis, Pediatric Connective Tissue Disorders, Pediatric Foot Care, Perthes Disease, Polydactyly (extra fingers), Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE), Spasticity, Spina Bifida, Syndactyly-Webbed Fingers
Research Interests: Outcomes evaluation, Hip disorders, Cerebral palsy
Research Expectations and Opportunities+

Each fellow is expected to carry out at least one clinical research project during the year. This should be determined and planned with an attending mentor before arrival so that no delays occur.

Fellow​ Research Projects

Buckley SL, Smith GS, Sponseller PD, Thompson JD, Griffin PP: Open Tibia Fractures in Children. J. Bone Joint Surgery, 72–A: 1462–1469, 1990.

Buckley SL, Sponseller PD, Magid D: The Acetabulum in Congenital and Neuromuscular Hip Instability. J. Pediatric Orthop., 11: 498–501, 1991.

Buehler KC, Thompson JD, Sponseller PD, Black BE, Buckley S, Griffin PP: A Prospective Study of Early Spica Cast Outcomes in the Treatment of Femoral Shaft Fractures in Children. J. Pediatric Orthop. 15(1): 30–35, 1995.

Black BE, Hildebrand R, Sponseller PD, Griffin RP: Hip Dysplasia in Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Contemp. Ortho. 29(2): 101–108, 199.

Black BE, O’Brien E, Sponseller, PD: Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Injuries in Children: Different Than in Adults. Contemp. Ortho. 29(4): 253–260, 1994.

Hughes BF, Sponseller PD, Thompson JD: Pediatric Femur Fractures: Effects of Spica Cast Treatment on Family and Community. J. Pediatric Orthop. 15(4):457–460, 1995.

Buckley SL, Sponseller PD, Thompson JD: Grade III Open Tibia Fractures in Children. J. Pediatric Orthopaedics. 26(5): 627–634, 1996.

Thompson JD, Buehler KC, Sponseller PD, Gray DW, Black BE, Buckley SL, Griffin PP: Shortening in Femoral Shaft Fractures in Children Treated with Spica Cast. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 338: 74–8, 1997.

Hinton R, Crockett MM, Smith G, Sponseller PD. Sociodemographic Variation in the Incidence of Femoral Shaft Fractures in Children and Adolescents: Small-Area Analysis in Maryland and Baltimore City. J. Bone Joint Surg. 81-A: 500–509, 1999.

Tortolani PJ, Ain MC, Miller NH, Brumback RJ, Sponseller PD: Tibial Nails for Femoral Shaft Fractures in Adolescents: “Off-Label” Usage. Orthopedics. 2001 June; 24(6): 553–7.

Launay F, Leet AI, Jouve B, Bollini G, Sponseller PD: Lateral Humeral Condyle Fractures in Children: A Comparison of Two Approaches to Treatment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2004 July–Aug.; 24(4): 385–91.

Ngu BB, Khanna AJ, Pak SS, Leet AI, Chhor K, Launay F, Kier-York J, Sponseller PD: Femoral Head Resection for Painful Hip Subluxation in Cerebral Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 25(1): 70–73, 2005.

Launay F, Leet AI, Sponseller PD: Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiographic Abnormality: A Meta-Analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005 April; (433): 166–70.

Hoernschemeyer D, Farjoodi P, Cheng J, Sponseller P: A Study of the Cutaneous Nerves Encountered During Thoracoplasty. Spine 2007 Feb. 1; 32(3): 301–5.

Chang JH, Hoernschemeyer DG, Sponseller PD: Delayed Postoperative Paralysis in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Management with Partial Removal of Hardware and Staged Correction. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2006 May; 19(3): 222–5.

Skelley NW, Papp DF, Leu D, Sargent MC. Three Cases of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis in One Family. Orthopedics. 2011 Aug. 8; 34(8): e408–12.

Lazar-Antman MA, Leet AI. Current Concepts Review: Effects of Obesity on Pediatric Fracture Care and Management. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012; May 2; 94(9): 855–61.

Paloski M, Taylor B, Iobst C, Pugh K. Pediatric and Adolescent Applications of the Taylor Spatial Frame. Orthopedics. 2012 June 1; 35(6): 518–27.

Paloski M, Sponseller PD. Is There an Optimal Time Interval to Distract Dual Growing Rods? Accepted, Spine Deformity.

Lonner BS, Lazar-Antman MA, Sponseller PD, Shah SA, Newton PO, Betz R, Shufflebarger HS. Multivariate Analysis of Factors Associated with Kyphosis Maintenance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine 2012 July 1; 37 (15): 1297–302.

Leu D, Sargent MC, Ain MC, Leet AI, Tis JE, Sponseller PD. Spica Casting for Pediatric Femoral Fractures: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Study of Single-Leg Versus Double-Leg Spica Casts. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 July 18; 94(14): 1259–64.

Bazzi, A, Shannon, B, Sponseller, P. Distal Radius Fractures. The Pediatric Upper Extremity. Abzug, J, Kozin S, Zlotolow D, Eds. Springer, New York.

Bazzi, A, Brooks, J, Jain, A, Sponseller, P. Is Non-Operative Treatment of Pediatric Grade 1 Open Fractures Safe and Effective? J Child Orthop. 2014 Dec.; 8(6): 467–471.

Abousamra O, Sponseller PD, Lonner BS, Shah SA, Marks MC, Cahill PJ, Pahys JM, Newton PO; Harms Study Group. Thoracic Lordosis, Especially in Males, Increases Blood Loss in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2019 March; 39(3): e201–e204.

Past Fellows and their Current Positions+

Steven L. Buckley, M.D. | 1998
SportsMED Orthopedic Surgery & Spine Center, Huntsville, Alabama

Brian E. Black, M.D. | 1989
Sports Medicine & Orthopedic Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin

J. David Thompson, M.D. | 1995
Grapevine, Texas

Donald Diverio, D.O. | 1995
AO Orthopedics, Morristown, New Jersey

Michael C. Ain, M.D.​ | 1996
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

Richard Y. Hinton, M.D., M.P.H. | 1997
MedStar Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, MD

Barry Berger, M.D. | 1998
VSAS Orthopaedics, Allentown, Pennsylvania

Daniel G. Hoernschemeyer, M.D. | 2004
Associate Professor, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri

Suzanne Jaffe Walters, M.D. | 2009
Children's National Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

David J. Leu, M.D. | 2010
Sinai Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland

Meredith Lazar-Antman, M.D. | 2011
Winthrop University, Mineola, New York

Michael Paloski, D.O., M.B.A. | 2012
OrthoCarolina, Charlotte, North Carolina

Ahmed Bazzi, D.O. | 2013
Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, Michigan

Urvij M. Modhia, M.D. | 2014
Assistant Professor, University of New Mexico

Amit Merchant, M.D. | 2015
Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey

Cheryl Lawing, M.D. | 2016
Shriners Hospitals for Children, Tampa, Florida

Oussama (Sammy) Abousamra, M.D. | 2017
Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California

Lana Nirenstein, M.D. | 2018
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York

Living in Baltimore+

Baltimore has many fantastic cultural outlets that are second to none. Among them: the National Aquarium, one of the world’s best; the Baltimore Museum of Art, which houses the world’s largest collection of work by Henri Matisse; the Walters Art Museum, which holds another world-class collection of artwork; and the Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall, home of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, which is in the top tier nationally. 

Baltimore also boasts a fantastic variety of restaurants, including numerous crab shacks that serve what is considered the world’s best crabmeat. Sports teams include Major League Baseball’s Baltimore Orioles and, in the National Football League, the Baltimore Ravens.

One of the city’s unique features is its central location in the mid-Atlantic, with easy access to New York, Philadelphia, Washington and the fabled Chesapeake waterways leading to the Eastern Shore.

Learn More About Living in Baltimore

Travel Time to Points of Interest
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania1.5 hours
Washington, D.C.1 hour
Ocean City, Maryland3 hours
Cape May, New Jersey3 hours
Deep Creek Lake, Maryland3 hours
Middleburg, Virginia2 hours
Contact Us+

Have questions about our pediatric orthopaedic fellowship? Please contact Beth Hall, Medical Training Program Administrator, or our current fellow.

For general information on pediatric orthopaedic fellowships, visit Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA). We participate in the match through SF Match, which lists the process and timeline for applications.

For detailed information, please contact:

R. Jay Lee, M.D.
Director, Pedatric Orthopaedic Fellowship
Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Sugery
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg Children's Center
1800 Orleans St., Room 7360
Baltimore, MD 21287-0010
Phone 410-955-3137
FAX 410-502-3944