It can be very frustrating and overwhelming when you are ready to start a family and are having difficulty becoming pregnant. The fertility experts at the Johns Hopkins Fertility Center can help you identify the potential causes of your infertility and develop a personalized treatment plan to help you become pregnant.
Because of the complex nature of the female reproductive tract, there can be many reasons a woman is having trouble becoming pregnant.
Our experts will conduct various diagnostic tests to pinpoint the cause of your infertility. Tests can include:
- A physical pelvic exam
- A pelvic ultrasound
- A hysterosalpingogram (X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes)
These procedures can tell us about the health and structure of the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries, specifically whether there are abnormalities in size or shape, fibroids, scar tissue or other masses. We are also able to learn if you have other conditions that may be affecting your fertility, such as hormonal disorders.
Conditions We Treat
Diminished Ovarian Reserve
A condition in which there is a decrease in the quantity and quality of eggs produced.
This condition occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside it, which can cause scar tissue formation and hormonal dysfunction.
Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop outside the uterus and can narrow the uterine cavity.
Ovarian cysts are most often noncancerous, fluid-filled sacks that form in the ovaries and can interfere with normal ovulation.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
PCOS is characterized by infrequent menstrual cycles, obesity, hirsutism, and dysfunction of the hormones that control ovulation.
Premature Ovarian Failure
Premature Ovarian Failure, also known as primary ovarian insufficiency, is the early onset of menopause, which prevents women from releasing eggs.
These are scars or tissue that develop in the reproductive tract often due to pelvic inflammatory disease, prior STDs, or endometriosis.
Male infertility can often be the first sign of other undiscovered health conditions and is most often treatable.
Diagnostic tests for male infertility include:
- Sperm analysis
- Urological evaluation
We will first perform sperm analysis to test for sperm count and motility. If abnormal, we will refer you to a urologist, an expert in male infertility, for a complete urological evaluation. This will include a physical examination and bloodwork to evaluate for hormone imbalances or any other reversible causes of male infertility.