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Infertility Conditions We Treat

It can be very frustrating and overwhelming when you are ready to start a family and are having difficulty becoming pregnant. The fertility experts at the Johns Hopkins Fertility Center can help you identify the potential causes of your infertility and develop a personalized treatment plan to help you become pregnant.

Learn more about conditions that often cause infertility in women and infertility in men and how we treat these conditions to maximize your chances of pregnancy.

Infertility in Women

Because of the complex nature of the female reproductive tract, there can be many reasons a woman is having trouble becoming pregnant.

Our experts will conduct various diagnostic tests to pinpoint the cause of your infertility. Tests can include:

  • A physical pelvic exam
  • A pelvic ultrasound
  • A hysterosalpingogram (X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes)
  • Bloodwork

These procedures can tell us about the health and structure of the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries, specifically whether there are abnormalities in size or shape, fibroids, scar tissue or other masses. We are also able to learn if you have other conditions that may be affecting your fertility, such as hormonal disorders.

 

Conditions We Treat

  • Diminished Ovarian Reserve

    A condition in which there is a decrease in the quantity and quality of eggs produced.

  • Endometriosis

    This condition occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside it, which can cause scar tissue formation and hormonal dysfunction.

  • Fibroids

    Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop outside the uterus and can narrow the uterine cavity.

  • Ovarian Cysts

    Ovarian cysts are most often noncancerous, fluid-filled sacks that form in the ovaries and can interfere with normal ovulation.

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

    PCOS is characterized by infrequent menstrual cycles, obesity, hirsutism, and dysfunction of the hormones that control ovulation.

  • Premature Ovarian Failure

    Premature Ovarian Failure, also known as primary ovarian insufficiency, is the early onset of menopause, which prevents women from releasing eggs.

  • Tubal Disease

    These are scars or tissue that develop in the reproductive tract often due to pelvic inflammatory disease, prior STDs, or endometriosis.

 
 

Infertility in Men

Male infertility can often be the first sign of other undiscovered health conditions and is most often treatable.

Diagnostic tests for male infertility include:

  • Sperm analysis
  • Urological evaluation

We will first perform sperm analysis to test for sperm count and motility. If abnormal, we will refer you to a urologist, an expert in male infertility, for a complete urological evaluation. This will include a physical examination and bloodwork to evaluate for hormone imbalances or any other reversible causes of male infertility.

Learn more about these conditions.

 
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