Blepharitis is a common inflammatory condition that typically affects the eyelids, but can secondarily involve the cornea and conjunctiva. Symptoms include a foreign body sensation or a burning sensation, excessive tearing, itching, sensitivity to light, red and swollen eyelids, blurred vision, discharge, flaky skin on the eyelids and dry eyes. Patients with blepharitis sometimes have an underlying rosacea (or acne rosacea), which is a skin condition characterized with redness of the cheeks and telangiectasis of facial skin.
A slit-lamp examination can diagnose blepharitis in the clinic.
Blepharitis is usually a chronic problem that can often be managed with extra attention to eyelid care, but may require medication in some instances. Topical medications such as eyedrops, ointments, or antibiotics by mouth can be used to treat blepharitis.