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Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

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Conditions We Treat: Tracheomalacia

Tracheomalacia is a congenital condition, meaning it is present at birth. It is a condition characterized by a soft and pliable windpipe (trachea) instead of rigid windpipe. This causes breathing difficulties because your child's airway doesn't stay remain open as it should especially when coughing, feeding or heavy breathing. 

Tracheomalacia: What You Need to Know

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  • Patients diagnosed with tracheomalacia will undergo a bronchoscopy (a small camera guided down the windpipe and into the lungs) in order view the airway and assess the problem. 

  • Congenital tracheomalacia often goes away as the infant grows and the walls of the trachea get stronger. However, for some, surgery may be required in order to safeguard the windpipe. 

  • Tracheomalacia may be misdiagnosed as asthma or noisy breathing known as stridor. However, symptoms can range from mild to life-threatening. 

  • Our team can provide you with more information about your child's condition and a treatment plan so you and your family have the information you need. 

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Why Choose Johns Hopkins for Tracheomalacia Treatment?

Treatment of Complex Airway Disorders – FAQs

Otolaryngologist and head and neck surgeon, Alexander Hillel, M.D., Director of the Johns Hopkins Complex Airway Clinic, discusses complex airway disorders (laryngotracheal stenosis), how to get a correct diagnosis and what treatment options are available depending on the severity of the disease.

Johns Hopkins Head and Neck Cancer Center Doctors

Our Multidisciplinary Team of Physicians

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Comprehensive Treatment of Tracheomalacia: What to Expect


The Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery works with a multidisciplinary approach to ensure the highest quality patient care informed by innovative research. You will get a comprehensive treatment plan based on your evaluation. Should any surgery be recommended, those procedures will be performed at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and we will provide you with a follow-up report.