Prostate Cancer: What You Need to Know
- The prostate is a gland found only in men. It is about the size of a walnut and sits below the bladder.
- Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. About one in seven men in the U.S. will be diagnosed with the disease during his lifetime.
- More than 90 percent of all prostate cancers are discovered when they are confined to the prostate and nearby organs. The five-year survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate tumors discovered at these stages is nearly 100 percent.
- Compared with other men, African-American men and men with a family history of the disease are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer. A man with a father or brother who had prostate cancer is twice as likely to develop the disease.
What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the second most common diagnosed cancer in American men. According to the American Cancer Society, one in seven men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. About 80 percent of prostate cancers are diagnosed at a localized stage, which means that the cancer hasn’t spread outside of the prostate. The average age at the time of prostate cancer diagnosis is about 66.
Less than 10 percent of men diagnosed with prostate cancer have advanced disease that has spread beyond the prostate gland. The American Cancer Society reports that the five-year survival rate for distant stage disease is about 28 percent.
The National Institute on Aging reveals that prostate problems are common after age 50. However, learning all you can about prostate cancer and prostate-related health issues can help you optimize your health, especially as you age.
In general, all men are at risk for developing prostate cancer during their lifetime. However, there are risk factors that increase the likelihood that certain men will develop the disease.
Learn more about prostate cancer risk factors.
There are usually no specific signs or symptoms of prostate cancer until it becomes advanced. But it’s still important for men to look out for cancer warning signs and other prostate health issues.
Learn more about prostate cancer symptoms.
Prostate cancer screening is used to find the disease at its earliest stages. Based on your own screening schedule, your doctor may use PSA tests, DREs or other tools to detect cancer.
Learn more about prostate cancer screening.
Prostate cancer is primarily diagnosed using a biopsy. A pathologist evaluates the tissue sample to look for cancerous cells. Find out more about biopsies and additional tests to confirm a diagnosis.
Learn more about prostate cancer diagnosis.
Prostate cancer stages describe the extent of the disease, indicating how far it has spread. Knowing the stage of prostate cancer can help determine how aggressively it needs to be treated.
Learn more about prostate cancer staging.
Prostate cancer management can take many forms, depending on the risk and category of disease. Many patients benefit from a multidisciplinary approach that incorporates the latest treatment methods.
Learn more about prostate cancer treatment.
Early diagnosis is key to ensuring each man has the best chance at successful treatment. Approximately 80 to 85 percent of all prostate cancers are detected in the local and regional stages, so the cure rate is very high.
Learn more about prostate cancer prognosis.