Health Ask The Expert
Diabetes: Answers from Diabetes Expert Dr. Rita Kalyani
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious disease that occurs when the body cannot maintain normal levels of glucose, an important energy source.
There are two major types: type 1 and type 2 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes are unable to produce insulin, a hormone that helps the body metabolize glucose. People with type 2 diabetes can still produce insulin early in the disease, but the body doesn’t appropriately respond to its effects.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy in women.