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Conditions We Treat: Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when a woman’s pelvic floor muscles and ligaments weaken and stretch. Without the support of the pelvic floor, the pelvic organs slip out of place (prolapse) and bulge into the vagina.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse: What You Need to Know

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  • Factors that increase your risk of pelvic organ prolapse are childbirth, age, obesity, chronic constipation and heavy lifting.
  • Subtypes of pelvic organ prolapse include cystocele (anterior prolapse, or prolapse of the wall dividing the vagina and bladder), uterine prolapse and rectocele (posterior prolapse, or prolapse of the wall dividing the rectum and vagina).
  • Pelvic organ prolapse is diagnosed with a pelvic exam.
  • Mild cases of pelvic organ prolapse do not need treatment. Often, pelvic floor muscle strengthening exercises are recommended.
  • Women with moderate to severe symptoms may opt for surgery or a pessary, a vaginal support device that’s inserted into the vagina. Surgical options differ based on the nature of the prolapse, a woman’s goals for treatment and any coexisting bladder or bowel dysfunction requiring treatment.

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Featured Videos

What You Need to Know: Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition: about one in every ten women will undergo surgery for the prolapse of their uterus or vagina. Watch to learn more about pelvic organ prolapse.

Understanding Pelvic Organ Prolapse

What is pelvic organ prolapse? Can it be prevented? On this edition of Second Opinion Stat, learn about this condition and the treatments that are available.


Why choose Johns Hopkins for treatment of pelvic organ prolapse?

Women's Pelvic Health Team at Johns Hopkins

Our Physicians

Rely on the expertise of our physicians to help you manage pelvic organ prolapse.

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Our Research

At Johns Hopkins, our researchers are exploring the link between pregnancy and delivery and pelvic floor disorder later in life to develop new, advanced therapies to treat pelvic floor disorders.

Learn more about our research and clinical trials.

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Our Patient Care

Our specialists have the collective goal of team-driven, high-quality patient care. We are one of the few centers nationally that provides coordinated care among specialties. Our urogynecology team works with experts across Johns Hopkins in urology, colorectal surgery, nursing and physical therapy to provide you with comprehensive, personalized care.

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Our Locations

With convenient locations throughout the Baltimore metropolitan area, we make it easy for you to seek the care and treatment you need to manage your pelvic organ prolapse.

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