Bladder Cancer Treatment


At the Johns Hopkins Greenberg Bladder Cancer Institute, we emphasize patient education and encourage patient participation in the decision-making process. Our multidisciplinary team assesses all the information — tumor stage/grade, pathology results, imaging and, when available, tumor genetic sequencing — and teaches patients about their diagnosis, and the risks and benefits of various treatment options. We then provide expert guidance to help patients arrive at care decisions that meet their specific needs.

  • 75%

    Nonmuscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

    Also known as nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer, this type is considered "early stage" and represents about 70 to 75 percent of all bladder cancer cases. This cancer is found in the lining of the bladder and has not invaded the bladder's muscle wall or spread outside the bladder.

  • 25%

    Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

    This type represents about 25 to 30 percent of all bladder cancer cases. Muscle-invasive bladder cancer is cancer that has invaded the bladder's muscle wall. Some invasive bladder cancers have also metastasized, or spread, to surrounding organs or other parts of the body.