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Craniofacial Injuries and Conditions

As pioneers of innovative facial reconstruction techniques, surgeons in the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at Johns Hopkins use state-of-the-art procedures to relieve pain and improve appearance, form and function. These treatments can be life-changing for patients with craniofacial abnormalities resulting from injury, trauma or cancer.

Conditions We Treat

  • Atypical facial clefting
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Congenital and acquired ear anomalies (e.g., microtia, cryptotia, Stahl ear, prominent ear deformity)
  • Craniofacial microsomia
  • Craniofacial syndromes (e.g., Apert, Crouzon, Pfeiffer, Nager, Treacher Collins)
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Facial paralysis arising from: traumatic injury, brain tumor or tumor removal, surgery, stroke, infection, Bell's Palsy, Moebius syndrome (a birth defect that results in the absence of the sixth and seventh facial cranial nerve), and other congenital abnormalities
  • Facial pain arising from: trigeminal neuroma, trigeminal neuralgia and atypical facial pain
  • Facial trauma
  • Malocclusion/jaw disproportion
  • Pediatric cranial reconstruction
  • Pierre Robin Sequence
  • Positional head shape deformities
  • Romberg hemifacial atrophy
  • Velopharyngeal insufficiency

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Why choose Johns Hopkins?

The Johns Hopkins Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is staffed by surgeons who specialize in different techniques of surgery, such as craniofacial surgery, microvascular surgery, nerve transplantation and bone transplantation. Some of our fellowship-trained plastic surgeons, including pediatric surgeons, specialize in facial reconstruction. Over years of practice, they have built a reputation as being among the best facial reconstruction surgeons in the country. They have learned about and, in many cases, developed and taught the latest and most effective surgical techniques.

the craniofacial surgery team

Our Physicians

As a part of our multidisciplinary approach to care, our reconstruction surgeons work with neurologists, pain management specialists and others to create a treatment plan that promises the best possible outcome for the patient. From the first consultation to the final check-up, our reconstructive surgeons are devoted to their profession and to providing attentive patient care.

Meet Our Physicians:


Dr. Redett examins a patient's face

Our Specialty Centers

Our physicians specialize in conditions and treatments including cleft lip and palate, facial pain and paralysis, and cranioplasty. 

Cleft and Craniofacial Center

Facial Paralysis and Pain Treatment Center

The Multidisciplinary Adult Cranioplasty Center (MACC)

Drs. Redett, Dorafshar and Kumar

Our Innovative Techniques

As pioneers in craniofacial reconstruction, our surgeons have developed innovative techniques including:

Microvascular surgery


Computer-aided design and manufacturing: With the use of technologies including 3-D printing and rapid prototyping, surgeons can plan their surgeries and shorten the amount of time patients need to be under anesthesia, reducing blood loss. 

Facial transplant