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Plastic Surgery for Lymphedema: Tiffany’s Story

A young mother debilitated by primary lymphedema becomes her own advocate and finds compassionate surgical treatment at Johns Hopkins.

Tiffany smiling in her car.Tiffany Howe wearing teal, the color symbolic of lymphedema awareness. Photo courtesy Tiffany Howe.


  • Tiffany Howe had been living with progressively worsening lymphedema in her leg since birth.
  • After researching several doctors and treatments, Tiffany underwent surgery at Johns Hopkins with Oluseyi Aliu, M.D.
  • Today she’s a more active mom and advocates for herself and others with lymphedema.

When Tiffany Howe was born with a club foot, she had to wear casts on her legs and feet to correct the problem. Even at that early age, doctors noticed a difference in Tiffany’s legs.

“One leg looked larger than the other,” Tiffany says.

The difference became more apparent as Tiffany grew up. “With puberty and all the changes associated with that, the leg started getting bigger. By the time I was getting ready for college, I had a hard time wearing pants and shoes.”

When she was 17, Tiffany was diagnosed with primary lymphedema.

Increased Swelling, Expensive Treatments

As a student at Norfolk State University in Virginia, Tiffany did her best to adapt to her new environment. Her doctor recommended weekly sessions of manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) and compression wraps, standard treatment for the condition.

But the treatments were expensive for a college student without insurance. Tiffany also underwent two liposuction surgeries to remove some of the pressure in her leg, but says the procedures made the swelling worse.

When she was 24, Tiffany gave birth to her daughter. “After my daughter was born, I had real trouble with my leg, and I had to stop working. I had no insurance and couldn't afford the compression garments, wrapping and MLD.”

Tiffany found another doctor who treated her with a surgical debulking procedure on her lower leg. “I responded well, and for a few years, I got my life back,” she says.

But lymphedema is chronic, so although treatments can help, relief doesn’t always last. The skin on Tiffany’s leg began to break down, and chronic wounds leaked lymph fluid—a condition called lymphorrhea.

Doctors mentioned the possibility of amputating her leg if her situation continued to deteriorate.

I’ve never experienced another doctor like Dr. Aliu. He takes your feelings seriously.

-Tiffany Howe

Taking Charge of Her Health

At that point, Tiffany sensed that dealing with her lymphedema would require her to do research, learn all she could, and advocate for herself. Another lymphedema patient she had met through her online outreach recommended a plastic and reconstructive surgeon at Johns Hopkins.

Tiffany found out how to get a referral, switched her insurance and got an interview with plastic surgeon Oluseyi Aliu, M.D.

“My first meeting with Dr. Aliu was amazing,” Tiffany recalls. “He was patient. He didn’t rush me or make me feel ‘less-than’. And he didn’t insist on surgery right away; he looked at all the options. My situation was pretty advanced, and Dr. Aliu consulted with others on his team to figure out the best way to treat me.”

A Caring and Compassionate Approach

Tiffany appreciated Aliu’s thorough approach to her case, the time he took to explain his recommendations to her and her family, and his accessibility. All of this made it easier for her to endure the weekly trips to Baltimore.

“He always answers his emails,” she says. “I’ve never experienced another doctor like him. He takes your feelings seriously.”

The admiration is mutual. Aliu notes that although he treats many patients with lymphedema, only a few people have the massive, localized swelling that Tiffany was enduring.

“She is a very good self-advocate,” Aliu says. “She took the time to understand the details and the risks of the procedures.”

Together, they decided on surgical treatment.

Tiffany is a very good self-advocate. She took the time to understand the details and the risks of the procedures.

-Dr. Aliu

Lymphedema Surgery

“Unfortunately, I wasn’t able to undergo surgery right away,” Tiffany says. Her blood levels of a protein called prealbumin were too low, and Aliu was concerned she wouldn’t heal properly.

With guidance from Aliu, Tiffany went on a diet to improve her nutrition and prepare her for her procedure.

Finally, in May 2018, Tiffany was ready for her first operation. Aliu took out 40 pounds of fluid and tissue from her leg.

“I performed a direct excision of the excess skin, fat and lymphatic fluid build-up,” he explains. “The goal was to make Tiffany’s affected leg as small as possible.”

“I healed so well,” Tiffany notes. “My doctors at home were amazed.” After taking time to recover, Tiffany underwent another surgery in November and another in April 2019: three surgeries in all. Tiffany still wears her compression garments diligently to minimize swelling.

“We were able to decrease the size of the thigh by 30 to 40%,” Aliu explains. “Tiffany’s legs are closer to being the same size, and she can walk and get around.”

An Active Mom and Lymphedema Advocate

“I have hit so many milestones already, and I know there are more to come,” Tiffany says.

March is lymphedema month, and in 2019 Tiffany took part in a lymphedema conference near her home base in York County, Virginia. She participated in a fashion show at that event, and was overjoyed to wear slacks for the first time in 15 years.

She says since her surgery, it’s easier to get into her van to drive, and she doesn’t require an extra seatbelt expander.

Tiffany and her daughter smile together.Tiffany and her daughter. Photo courtesy Tiffany Howe.

Most of all, Tiffany is glad to participate more in her now-teenage daughter’s life. “I can chaperone her activities like the other parents. We took a bus trip with her chorus group, and I was able to ride in the seat and walk outdoors without dragging my leg behind me.”

Tiffany stays active in the lymphedema support communities, and says it feels great to give back.

“People get scared with this diagnosis,” she says, “but you can accomplish a lot when you stay on top of it, research insurance and treatment options and keep advocating for yourself.

“You’ll do fine.”

Meet Tiffany's Treatment Team


Lymphedema Treatment at Johns Hopkins

  • Lymphedema Surgery at Johns Hopkins

    Johns Hopkins lymphedema surgeons use state-of-the-art surgical lymphedema treatment approaches, including lymphovenous bypass and lymph node transfer.

    Johns Hopkins lymphedema surgeons.
  • Lymphedema Treatment

    Early-stage lymphedema can be treated with nonsurgical interventions, including medication, a healthy diet and manual compression. For advanced-stage lymphedema, surgical intervention may be recommended.

    Compression bandaging for lymphedema.
  • About Lymphedema

    Oluseyi Aliu, M.D., from the Johns Hopkins Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, explains the stages associated with lymphedema symptoms and treatment options for each stage.

    Dr. Oluseyi Aliu discusses lymphedema surgery.
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