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Orthopaedic Surgery

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Conditions We Treat: Arthrogryposis

Also known as arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), the term arthrogryposis describes a number of conditions that cause joint contractures — the chronic loss of joint movement due to changes in the muscles, ligaments or tendons — which limit a child’s ability to completely bend or extend his or her joints. The condition often affects both the arms and legs and commonly impacts the wrists, hands, elbows, shoulders, hips, knees and ankles.

Arthrogryposis: What You Need to Know

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  • While the exact cause of arthrogryposis is unknown, it may be related to inadequate room or low amniotic fluid in utero.
  • A diagnosis of arthrogryposis is made when a patient has two or more joint contractures in different areas of the body. This diagnosis may be made in utero through an ultrasound or upon medical examination at birth.
  • There is no cure for the condition but nonoperative and surgical treatments are available to improve an individual’s range of motion at the joint.

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Why Choose Johns Hopkins for treatment of arthrogryposis?

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Our Physicians

Rely on the expertise of our physicians to help you manage your child’s arthrogryposis.

Meet our physicians:

The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center

Our Treatments

The Pediatric Division of the Johns Hopkins Department of Orthopaedic Surgery has a specialty arthrogryposis clinic run by Dr. Ranjit Varghese, attending pediatric orthopaedic surgeon. Dr. Varghese has had specialized training and many years of experience treating children with arthrogryposis. Together, with team members from nursing, physical therapy and occupational therapy, the clinic aims to provide the most comprehensive care for arthrogryposis patients.

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