Surgery can be used to treat certain conditions of the shoulder if nonsurgical options don’t provide desired pain relief or return of function. Some conditions that may require shoulder surgery include severe shoulder arthritis, rotator cuff tears and frozen shoulder. Some fractures of the bones making up the shoulder joint may also benefit from surgery.
In cases of significant damage to the shoulder joint due to injury or gradual wear and tear, shoulder replacement may be recommended. During this procedure, both sides of the ball-and-socket shoulder joint are replaced with artificial parts. Other surgical shoulder procedures may include fixation of fractures, repair of tears and removal of bone spurs.