Laryngotracheal Stenosis in Children
What is laryngotracheal stenosis?
Laryngotracheal stenosis (LS), a narrowing of the larynx or trachea, is a condition that can occur in infants and children for several reasons. Acquired LS develops as a result of trauma to the larynx and trachea, usually from endotracheal intubation, while congenital LS is a narrowing present at birth. Neck trauma, inhalation burns and prolonged intubation can also lead to LS.
- Stridor (noisy breathing)
- Feeding problems
- Croup, a loud cough that sounds like barking
- Recurrent or severe croup
- Physical exam
- Imaging tests of the larynx and trachea including neck X-Rays, fluoroscopy and CT scans
- Airway endoscopy in the office and in the operating room
This condition may require surgical correction if severe.
When to Call for Help
If your child develops any of the symptoms listed above, call your pediatrician.