Acute Rheumatic Fever

What is acute rheumatic fever?

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that may develop after an infection with a streptococcus bacteria (such as in strep throat or scarlet fever). The disease can affect the joints, heart, skin and brain. 

Symptoms

Symptoms include: 

Diagnosis

Diagnosis requires careful clinical evaluation, including possible blood screening for recurrent strep infection. 

Treatment

Anti-inflammatory medications, such as aspirin or corticosteroids, reduce inflammation to help manage the disease. Patients who test positive for strep throat should be treated with antibiotics.

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