Acute Rheumatic Fever
What is acute rheumatic fever?
Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that may develop after an infection with a streptococcus bacteria (such as in strep throat or scarlet fever). The disease can affect the joints, heart, skin and brain.
Diagnosis requires careful clinical evaluation, including possible blood screening for recurrent strep infection.
Anti-inflammatory medications, such as aspirin or corticosteroids, reduce inflammation to help manage the disease. Patients who test positive for strep throat should be treated with antibiotics.