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Conditions We Treat: Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is disease in which cancerous cells are found in the tissues of the thyroid gland. There are several types of thyroid cancer with varying forms of aggressiveness and prognoses. The four types of thyroid cancer are papillary, follicular, medullary and anaplastic.

Thyroid Cancer: What You Need to Know

woman receiving an evaluation
  • The most common type of thyroid cancer is papillary thyroid cancer, which is slow growing. Papillary thyroid cancer can still spread to the lymph nodes, but is manageable with appropriate treatment and is rarely fatal. 
  • Follicular carcinoma is another common type of thyroid cancer and shares a similar prognosis with papillary thyroid cancer. Together, these cancers account for more than 90 percent of thyroid cancer diagnoses. 
  • Medullary thyroid is associated with a genetic predisposition or multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. Due to the genetic nature, medullary thyroid cancer is uncommon. 
  • Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma is an extremely aggressive and rare form of thyroid cancer that requires prompt treatment. 

Patient Resources

February 24, 2017 – Thyroid Surgery:
A new type of surgery on the thyroid gland is now available in the US, Elizabeth Tracey reports
Surgery on the thyroid gland to evaluate masses that might be cancerous is very common, and unfortunately, leaves a scar right across the front of the neck. Now a new approach totally avoids leaving a scar. Jon Russell, a head and neck surgeon at Johns Hopkins who utilizes this approach, says patients especially appreciate this.

Why Choose Johns Hopkins for Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid and Parathyroid Conditions FAQ's | Johns Hopkins Medicine

Johns Hopkins head/neck/thyroid surgeon, Ralph Tufano, answers commonly asked questions about the treatment of thyroid tumors and how Johns Hopkins multidisciplinary team treats and diagnoses thyroid tumors and nodules.

Transoral Thyroidectomy: FAQs with Jonathon Russell, M.D.

Johns Hopkins head and neck endocrine surgeon, Jonathon Russell, M.D. discusses transoral thyroidectomy, or scarless thyroid surgery. He explains the advantages of this surgery, who is a good candidate and what to expect after the procedure.

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) of Benign Thyroid Nodules | Patient Webinar with Dr. Ralph Tufano

Johns Hopkins head and neck endocrine surgeon Ralph Tufano provides an overview of how radiofrequency is now being used to ablate or shrink benign thyroid nodules that may have become problematic.


Our Physicians

Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive  Cancer Center

Our Multidisciplinary Approach

The Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery works with the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center in a multidisciplinary approach to ensure the highest quality patient care and innovative research.

Learn more about the multidisciplinary head and neck cancer team at the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center.
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