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Orthopaedic Complications of Cerebral Palsy
Often diagnosed in infants and toddlers, cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition resulting from a brain injury that occurs before, during or shortly after birth. Cerebral palsy affects a child’s muscle tone and control, which can result in involuntary movements or abnormal walking.
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Orthopaedic Complications of Cerebral Palsy: What You Need to Know
- Symptoms of cerebral palsy include exaggerated reflexes and floppiness or stiffness in the trunk of the body or limbs.
- While there is no cure for cerebral palsy, treatment options are available for its associated orthopaedic conditions.
- Orthopaedic conditions commonly seen in patients with cerebral palsy include hip dysplasia, neuromuscular scoliosis, equinovarus foot, neuromuscular flatfoot, toe walking, limb length inequality, torsional disorders and muscle contracture.
Learn more about cerebral palsy in our Health Library.
Orthopaedic Issues Related to Cerebral Palsy | FAQ with Dr. Ranjit Varghese
Ranjit Varghese, M.D., pediatric orthopedic surgeon at Johns Hopkins Orthopaedics, discusses treatment of cerebral palsy. He explains the common challenges that result from cerebral palsy, how surgery can treat some of the orthopaedic conditions and what can be expected after surgery.
Dislocated Hip from Cerebral Palsy: Christian's Story
Before he was four months old, Christian Coghill developed cerebral palsy as the result of a brain injury from shaken baby syndrome. Later, at the age of 13, he suffered from a partially dislocated hip, an orthopaedic condition often associated with cerebral palsy. You can view Christian’s journey pre- and post-treatment at Johns Hopkins.
Tone Management and Continuity of Care for Pediatric Patients with Cerebral Palsy
Johns Hopkins orthopaedic surgeon and medical director of the Ortho-Cerebral Palsy program at Kennedy Krieger Institute, Ranjit Varghese understands the importance of timing for treatment of orthopaedic issues related to cerebral palsy. He uses a specialized single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) approach to treating children with spastic diplegia, which allows him to create a path of treatment that reduces the total number of procedures a child may need.
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