Skip Navigation
Search Menu
Neurology and Neurosurgery

In This Section      

Degenerative Spine Conditions Center

Walking, carrying, lifting, twisting: The human spine takes on a lot of hard work and strain over the years. Nearly everyone experiences some degeneration of the vertebrae, intervertebral discs or spinal joints by the age of 40.

However, you may be living with degenerative back changes that may be more advanced than usual for your age, and suffering with pain that affects your mobility and limits your lifestyle.

Robotic Assisted Spinal Surgery: FAQs

Dr.Nicholas Theodore answers common questions about robotic-assisted spinal surgery, including who is most likely to benefit, and how these advanced technologies can lead to good results.

Approaches to Spinal Fusion: FAQs

Dr.Nicholas Theodore answers frequently-asked questions about spinal fusion surgery, including types of procedures, who is a candidate and how to achieve the best outcomes.


Degenerative Spine Conditions: What You Need to Know

Woman using laptop
  • Degenerative diseases such as stenosis and myeopathy, degenerative disc disease, spinal arthritis and spondylolisthesis are common causes of back pain, especially among older people.
  • The cause of these conditions is believed to be inflammation affecting the intervertebral disc space, facet joints, and ligaments within the spine.
  • Symptoms vary, but usually involve back or neck pain along with discomfort in the arms or legs, such as radiating pain, tingling, numbness, weakness and aching.
  • If you've tried non-surgical treatments without lasting success, it may be time to consider spine surgery, especially if you have uncontrollable pain, trouble walking, difficulty with fine motor control, loss of bowel or bladder function, or other neurological problems.

Patient Resources

Request an Appointment


Why choose the Johns Hopkins Degenerative Spine Conditions Center?


Our Physicians

Our collaborative team comprises world-renowned specialists, including neurosurgeons, neurologists, pain specialists, physical medicine experts, rehabilitation physicians, and therapists who work together on your individualized treatment plan.

Meet Our Physicians:
doctor witham

Our Services

The experts at the Degenerative Spine Disease Center will work together with you to relieve back pain and help restore the function of your back, with an individualized approach to your unique situation. In many cases, we can help you get back to normal without surgery. If your surgeon does recommend a surgical procedure, you may be a candidate for one of our minimally invasive techniques.

Our Research

Learn more about the Spinal Fusion Laboratory and how we're working to improve outcomes for patients with degenerative spinal disease.

Request an Appointment

Maryland Patients

Learn how to request an appointment with or refer a patient to the Neurosurgical Spine Center at Johns Hopkins. You may direct additional questions or follow up with one of our office coordinators at 410-955-4424.

Traveling for Care?

Whether you're crossing the country or the globe, we make it easy to access world-class care at Johns Hopkins.

Outside of Maryland (toll free)

Request an Appointment
Medical Concierge Services

International Patients

Request an Appointment
Medical Concierge Services

blue suitcase