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School of Medicine
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Elizabeth Ratchford, MD
Ciccarone Center Research
View by Topic
- Antiplatelet Therapy
- ASCVD (Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease)
- Blood Pressure
- Cardiac CT
- Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
- Carotid Atherosclerosis
- Cerebrovascular Disease / Stroke / Cognitive Function
- Cholesterol / Lipids / Statins
- Cigarette Smoking
- Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
- Diet & Weight
- Disparities in Care
- Emotional Health
- Endothelial Function
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Exercise and Physical Fitness
- Family History of CVD
- Gender / Cardiovascular Disease in Women
- Heart Failure
- Heart Rate
- Markers of Thrombosis, Myocardial Injury, Wall Stress
- Mobile Health
- Nutrition, Vitamins, Supplements
- PVD – Peripheral Vascular Disease
- Quality of Care
- Renal Disease
- Rheumatoid Arthritis & Collagen Vascular Diseases
- Sleep Disorders
- Stem Cells
- Subclinical Atherosclerosis
- Vascular Imaging
- Vascular Stiffness
View by Journal
- American Heart Journal
- American Journal of Cardiology
- American Journal of Epidemiology
- American Journal of Hypertension
- Annals of Internal Medicine
- Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis & Vascular Biology
- British Medical Journal
- Clinical Cardiology
- Diabetes Care
- European Heart Journal
- European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
- International Journal of Cardiology
- Journal of Hypertension
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology
- Journal of the American Heart Association
- Journal of the American Medical Association
- Mayo Clinic Proceedings
- New England Journal of Medicine
- PLoS One
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- Meet the Authors
Vascular imaging has now become routine in many echocardiography laboratories. With increasing recognition of the systemic nature of atherosclerosis, cardiologists are becoming more involved in imaging outside the heart both for clinical and research purposes.
Exercise for restoring health and preventing vascular disease.
Individuals with heart disease can benefit greatly from exercise training and other aspects of cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention programs. Exercise training plays a critical role as a primary treatment of patients with peripheral arterial disease, with the goal of improving quality of life and functional capacity.
Approach to smoking cessation in the patient with vascular disease.
In the patient with vascular disease, cigarette smoking is particularly perilous; the benefits of smoking cessation greatly exceed any risks associated with pharmacologic treatment. Multiple clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of pharmacologic therapy for smoking cessation. In parallel with aggressive counseling and pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation, cardiovascular risk reduction is critical.
Update on peripheral arterial disease and claudication rehabilitation.
Peripheral arterial disease is often under diagnosed and under treated due to a general lack of awareness on the part of the patient and the practitioner. The evidence-base is growing for the optimal medical management of the patient with peripheral arterial disease; in parallel, endovascular revascularization options continue to improve. Comprehensive care of the peripheral arterial disease patient focuses on the ultimate goals of improving quality of life and reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Carotid bruit for detection of hemodynamically significant carotid stenosis: the Northern Manhattan Study.
In this ethnically diverse cohort, the prevalence of carotid bruits and hemodynamically significant carotid stenosis was low. Sensitivity and positive predictive value were also low, and the 44% false-negative rate suggests that auscultation is not sufficient to exclude carotid stenosis. While the presence of a bruit may still warrant further evaluation with carotid duplex, ultrasonography may be considered in high-risk asymptomatic patients, irrespective of findings on auscultation.