Search Menu
Search entire library by keyword
Choose by letter to browse topics
A B C D E F G H I J K LM N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0-9
(A-Z listing includes diseases, conditions, tests and procedures)

Gynecologic Cancers

Three women sitting outdoors.

Gynecologic Cancers: What You Need to Know

  • Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that begins in a woman’s reproductive organs. Thus, any woman is at risk for developing gynecologic cancer.

  • Approximately 100,000 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer in the United States each year.

  • Family history, obesity, age and HPV are important risk factors for gynecologic cancer.

  • Pap tests, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle, genetic testing, and the HPV vaccine are at the forefront of gynecologic cancer prevention.

Screening and Prevention

If You Feel Something, Say Something: Preventing and Detecting Gynecologic Cancers

Three women sitting together outdoors

Gynecologic cancers have long held a reputation for being “silent” — the types of cancer that aren’t detectable until limited treatment options are available. The rise of improved technology for testing and screening, though, has made detection increasingly possible, and many forms of gynecologic cancer can even be prevented.

Read more about gynecologic cancer risks, the best forms of prevention, and possible signs and symptoms.

Types of Gynecologic Cancers

Cervical Cancer

Early detection of cervical problems is the best way to prevent cervical cancer. Learn about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.

Read more about cervical cancer.

Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial cancer, which starts in the lining of the uterus, is the most commonly diagnosed gynecologic cancer. About 50,000 American women are diagnosed with endometrial cancer each year.

Learn more about endometrial cancer.

Ovarian Cancer

Family history can increase a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer, as 15 percent of these cancers are caused by inherited BRCA1 and 2 mutations.

Read more about ovarian cancer.

Uterine Sarcoma

Uterine sarcoma is a type of uterine cancer that is extremely rare. About 1,600 American women are diagnosed with this cancer each year.

Learn more about uterine sarcoma.

Vaginal Cancer

The HPV vaccine can prevent some HPV strains that cause vaginal cancers. When found early, treatment for vaginal cancer is often successful.

Read more about vaginal cancer.

Vulvar Cancer

A woman’s chances of developing vulvar cancer may increase with age, infection with certain strains of HPV, smoking and HIV infection.

Learn more about vulvar cancer.

Treatment Options

To learn more about the range of treatments available to women affected by gynecologic cancers, visit our treatments and services page.

When Cancer and Pregnancy Intersect

Ashley was diagnosed with a rare form of cervical cancer during her pregnancy with her first child.

Watch and learn how Johns Hopkins experts were able to save Ashley and her son.


Susan L. Burgert, M.D. Gynecologic Oncology Survivorship Program

Group of cancer survivors speaking with Dr. Stone

The Susan L. Burgert, M.D. Gynecologic Oncology Survivorship Program at Johns Hopkins is one of the only survivorship programs in the nation to offer care exclusively for women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers. The program’s staff uses their experience and dedication to help cancer survivors live their lives to the fullest.

Learn more about survivorship services at Johns Hopkins.

Find a physician at another Johns Hopkins Member Hospital:
Connect with a Treatment Center:
Find Additional Treatment Centers at:
woman holding pill case

Johns Hopkins Home Care

We provide high quality, individualized care for patients of all ages where you feel most comfortable – your home or community. Our services and equipment are designed to help you regain and retain a level of independence.

Learn More