Gynecologic Cancers: What You Need to Know
Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that begins in a woman’s reproductive organs. Thus, any woman is at risk for developing gynecologic cancer.
Approximately 100,000 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer in the United States each year.
Family history, obesity, age and HPV are important risk factors for gynecologic cancer.
Pap tests, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle, genetic testing, and the HPV vaccine are at the forefront of gynecologic cancer prevention.
Screening and Prevention
If You Feel Something, Say Something: Preventing and Detecting Gynecologic Cancers
Gynecologic cancers have long held a reputation for being “silent” — the types of cancer that aren’t detectable until limited treatment options are available. The rise of improved technology for testing and screening, though, has made detection increasingly possible, and many forms of gynecologic cancer can even be prevented.
Read more about gynecologic cancer risks, the best forms of prevention, and possible signs and symptoms.
Types of Gynecologic Cancers
Early detection of cervical problems is the best way to prevent cervical cancer. Learn about prevention, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer.
Read more about cervical cancer.
Endometrial cancer, which starts in the lining of the uterus, is the most commonly diagnosed gynecologic cancer. About 50,000 American women are diagnosed with endometrial cancer each year.
Learn more about endometrial cancer.
Family history can increase a woman’s risk of developing ovarian cancer, as 15 percent of these cancers are caused by inherited BRCA1 and 2 mutations.
Read more about ovarian cancer.
Uterine sarcoma is a type of uterine cancer that is extremely rare. About 1,600 American women are diagnosed with this cancer each year.
Learn more about uterine sarcoma.
The HPV vaccine can prevent some HPV strains that cause vaginal cancers. When found early, treatment for vaginal cancer is often successful.
Read more about vaginal cancer.
A woman’s chances of developing vulvar cancer may increase with age, infection with certain strains of HPV, smoking and HIV infection.
Learn more about vulvar cancer.
In these informative videos, patients and physicians discuss a variety of care options at the Johns Hopkins Kelly Gynecologic Oncology Service. To learn more about the range of treatments available to women affected by gynecologic cancers, visit our treatments and services page.
Susan L. Burgert, M.D. Gynecologic Oncology Survivorship Program
The Susan L. Burgert, M.D. Gynecologic Oncology Survivorship Program at Johns Hopkins is one of the only survivorship programs in the nation to offer care exclusively for women diagnosed with gynecologic cancers. The program’s staff uses their experience and dedication to help cancer survivors live their lives to the fullest.
Learn more about survivorship services at Johns Hopkins.