Hip surgery is most commonly used to treat advanced hip arthritis and hip fractures. For fractures, pins or other fixators may be placed to help the broken bones heal. For painful arthritis, surgery may be used to remove parts of the bone (osteotomy), cut back the lining of the joints (synovectomy), or replace the entire joint (hip replacement) or parts of the joint (hip resurfacing).
There are several different approaches to hip replacement, including a minimally invasive approach that uses smaller incisions and reduces tissue damage. For hip replacements that have failed or worn out, a second surgery (called revision surgery) may be needed.