In This Section      

Conditions We Treat: Viral Hepatitis C

Viral hepatitis refers to infections caused by viruses that affect the liver. Viral hepatitis includes five distinct diseases, caused by five different viruses. The different viruses are called by a letter name:

Hepatitis C: What You Need to Know

Woman on Laptop
  • If you have hepatitis C, your doctor will want to monitor you for signs of liver cancer.
  • Injection drug use is the main cause of hepatitis C.
  • Blood tests and a liver biopsy will help  diagnose hepatitis C.
  • Receiving vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, losing weight and avoiding alcohol may be part of the  treatment plan.

Hepatitis C virus is a major cause of acute and chronic hepatitis as well as cirrhosis. Hepatitis C almost always leads to chronic hepatitis and is also associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer).

Hepatitis C is mostly caused by injection drug use. Other causes are hemodialysis, intranasal cocaine use, tattoos, body piercing and fetuses exposed during pregnancy. Hepatitis C can be sexually transmitted, but it happens rarely.

Patient Resources

Request an Appointment


Why choose Johns Hopkins Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology for viral hepatitis?


Our Physicians

With a chronic condition like Hepatitis C, an experienced, knowledgeable physician is a must. You can find one here.

Meet Our Physicians: