Testicular cancer develops due to abnormal cell growth in the testicle. Traditionally, cells live, grow and die in an orderly fashion within the testicle. When one of these cells becomes abnormal and grows uncontrolled, it becomes a cancer.
The testicles are the male reproductive organs located in the scrotum, just beneath the penis. The testicles’ primary functions are to produce sperm for reproduction and to make testosterone, the main male hormone responsible for male sexual characteristics.
Testicular Cancer | FAQ
Dr. Phil Pierorazio from the Brady Urological Institute discusses details about testicular cancer types, risk factors and treatment options available at Johns Hopkins. To learn more, please visit: hopkinsmedicine.org/urology
What You Need to Know at Every Stage
Testicular Cancer Prevention and Risk Management
- Most men affected by testicular cancer are in their late 20s or early 30s.
- Between 8,000 and 10,000 men are diagnosed each year.
- The cure rate for testis cancer is excellent, with approximately 95 percent of men cured. Cure rates depend on the stage of cancer.
- Men who had an undescended testicle as children are at greater risk of testicular cancer.
- The most common symptom is a painless mass on the testicle, but some tumors may be painful or too small to be felt through the scrotum.
Testicular Cancer Treatments
If both testicles need to be removed, most men can still have children if they store sperm before undergoing treatment. Even if you’re not ready to start a family, sperm can be banked for many years.
Testicular Cancer Go-team
To treat any patient with testicular cancer who presents or wishes to be seen at Johns Hopkins in a timely fashion.