Conditions We Treat: Kidney Cancer

Treatment for kidney cancer can vary widely depending on the tumor’s stage and whether the cancer has spread to other organs. Small tumors may not need immediate surgery, while cancer that has spread will require a complex and multidisciplinary approach. 

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Appointment Information | Treatment Options | Our Experts | Charitable Giving

Kidney Cancer: Why Choose Johns Hopkins 

  • Our clinical team includes experts in urologic surgery, medical oncology, radiation oncology, nephrology, pathology and radiology. This multidisciplinary approach is especially important to develop individualized treatment plans for each patient.
  • We employ the most cutting-edge approaches to diagnosis and treatment including minimally-invasive/robotic surgical techniques, novel molecular imaging and the newest combination systemic therapies, with the opportunity to enroll in clinical trials when appropriate.
  • We have an actively growing multidisciplinary research program that includes six primary research sub-programs: Immuno-Oncology, Molecular Imaging, Novel Therapeutics, Biomarker Discovery, Stereotactic Radiation and Engineering. Our basic, clinical and translational research efforts are built on several internal and external collaborations spanning across urology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, nephrology, pathology, radiology, immunology, basic science, biomedical engineering, bioinformatics, statistics and epidemiology.

Our Research Sub-Programs


Medications that teach the body to fight cancer

Illustrated cells in a petri dish

Molecular Imaging

Advanced imaging techniques to spot cancers sooner and with greater accuracy

Illustrated microscope

Novel Therapeutics

New treatments identified by research insights

Three illustrated test tubes

Biomarker Discovery

Easy methods of tracking treatment responses in patients

Illustrated laptop with chart showing upward trend

Stereotactic Radiosurgery

Precise radiation treatment for hard-to-reach tumors

Illustrated atom


Collaboration with colleagues in biomedical engineering

Three illustrated interconnected hexagons

The foundation of our Kidney Cancer Program is three pillars: Patient Care, Research and Education. In accordance with these pillars, we have the following programmatic Objectives:

  • To improve survival and reduce treatment-related morbidity among patients with kidney cancer
  • To characterize the biology of kidney cancer and translate scientific discoveries from the laboratory to the patient
  • To improve imaging techniques and identify non-invasive biomarkers to improve diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive tools for patients with kidney cancer
  • To identify therapeutic targets, develop novel drugs, lead clinical trials, and understand mechanisms of therapeutic resistance
  • To establish a multidisciplinary clinic comprised of experts who integrate cutting-edge approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of kidney cancer
  • To personalize the care of patients across the full spectrum of kidney cancer, including localized, locally advanced, and metastatic disease
  • To foster educational opportunities and engage students and trainees in kidney cancer research

Our Kidney Cancer Program

Learn more about kidney cancer care at Johns Hopkins from urologic oncologist Nirmish Singla.

Partial Nephrectomy | Bobby Labonte's Story

Hear from Bobby and his urologic surgeons, Mohamad Allaf and Nirmish Singla, about his journey to recovery.

Request An Appointment

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Adults: 410-657-5490
Pediatrics: 410-469-8638

Schedule online through MyChart

Existing Patients: Log into MyChart | Sign up for MyChart.

Understanding Kidney Cancer

Urologic oncologist and director of the Kidney Cancer Program, Nirmish Singla, M.D., M.Sc., answers some common questions about kidney cancer.

Learn more about kidney cancer

Treatment for Kidney Cancer

One size does not fit all when it comes to kidney cancer treatment. Your surgeon will tailor treatment options depending on the extent of your cancer, whether it has spread to other organs and if you have any other health conditions. 

For small tumors that have not spread, you may be a candidate for our active surveillance program, in which you will receive regular observation and imaging, but treatment is delayed unless the tumor grows. 

Our experts treat hundreds of patients each year using a complete range of surgical techniques: 

Open Surgery 

Minimally Invasive Techniques 

While surgery is the primary treatment for localized kidney cancer, some treatments may also integrate therapies such as radiation or immunotherapy

Kidney Cancer Experts

Each member of our kidney cancer team is dedicated to providing compassionate care while developing the most effective, advanced and personalized treatment plan for you.


Medical Oncologists

Radiation Oncologists



  • Derek M. Fine MD

    Primary Location: Johns Hopkins Health Care & Surgery Center - Green Spring Station, Lutherville, Lutherville, MD

  • Hamid Rabb MD

    Primary Location: Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center, Baltimore, MD

Help support kidney cancer research

Gifts to the Brady Institute enable our many physicians and scientists to tackle groundbreaking research, improve patient outcomes and train the next generation of urologists.