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Orthopaedic Surgery

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Pediatric Spinal Deformity

Children may experience several types of pediatric spinal deformity, including scoliosis, kyphosis and spondylolisthesis. Scoliosis and kyphosis involve an abnormal curvature of the spine. Spondylolisthesis refers to a displaced vertebra. If your child has a spinal deformity, you should get a medical evaluation as soon as possible.

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Pediatric Spinal Deformity: What You Need to Know

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  • Back problems aren’t limited to adults. Children can experience back pain due to a pediatric spinal deformity.
  • Common symptoms of a pediatric spinal deformity include lower back pain, walking with a “waddle” or the emergence of a “humpback.” Children as young as 6 can experience a displaced vertebra — sometimes without pain.
  • Pediatric spinal deformities may respond to treatment better if caught earlier in life.
  • Many pediatric spinal deformities can be treated conservatively, with physical therapy or bracing. When surgery is required, it’s important to choose a highly experienced pediatric orthopaedic surgeon.

Patient Resources

Why Choose Johns Hopkins for treatment of pediatric spinal deformity?

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Our Physicians

Rely on the expertise of our physicians to help you manage pediatric spinal deformity in your child.

Meet our physicians:

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Our Staff

Our physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs) specialize in pediatric orthopaedics and play a key role in providing care to our patients and families.

Meet our staff that cares for children with spinal deformities:

Kristen Venuti, C.R.N.P.


Patient Education

Bracing for Scoliosis

Nora describes her everyday experience with a brace to correct scoliosis.

Bracing for Kyphosis

Joshua describes what it is like for him to wear a brace to correct kyphosis.

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