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Acute Encephalitis

Acute encephalitis is an inflammatory condition of the central nervous system. It is a complex and severe disease. Acute encephalitis can be caused by a wide variety of conditions, including:

  • Bacterial or viral infection in the brain
  • Ingestion of toxic substances
  • Complication of an infectious disease
  • Complication of an underlying malignancy

Symptoms of acute encephalitis can vary, depending on which part of the brain that is most affected. A few symptoms that may be common in patients with acute encephalitis include (but are not limited to):

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Confusion
  • Poor memory/memory loss
  • Disorientation
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Seizures
  • Weakness or numbness of arm or leg

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Maryland Patients

The Johns Hopkins Encephalitis Center is dedicated solely to inpatient care. Therefore, all transfers must be arranged by a treating hospital physician. If you wish to transfer a patient, please call the Hopkins Access Line (HAL) at 410-955-9444 and ask for the Johns Hopkins Bayview Neurology Attending.

Adult Neurology: 410-955-9441
Pediatric Neurology: 410-955-4259
Adult Neurosurgery: 410-955-6406
Pediatric Neurosurgery: 410-955-7337


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