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Ciccarone Articles

Ciccarone Center Research

Topic

Vascular Stiffness

Relation of thoracic aortic distensibility to left ventricular area (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]).
By: Al-Mallah MH, Nasir K, Katz R, Lima JA, Bluemke DA, Blumenthal RS, Mao S, Hundley WG, Budoff MJ.
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that decreasing aortic compliance and increasing arterial stiffness are independently associated with increased left ventricular area.
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Response to importance of pressure pulse amplification in the association of resting heart rate and arterial stiffness.
By: Whelton SP, Blaha MJ.
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No association of 9p21 with arterial elasticity and retinal microvascular findings.
By: Folsom AR, Pankow JS, Li X, Duprez DA, Jacobs DR Jr, Klein R, Klein B, Tang W, Wong TY, Cotch MF, Taylor KD, Rich SS, Hall JL, Post WS, Rotter JI.
This study does not support an association of 9p21 variation with arterial elasticity or retinal microvascular abnormalities.
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Association of resting heart rate with carotid and aortic arterial stiffness: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.
By: Whelton SP, Blankstein R, Al-Mallah MH, Lima JA, Bluemke DA, Hundley WG, Polak JF, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K, Blaha MJ.

Results from this study suggest that a higher resting heart rate is associated with an increased arterial stiffness independent of atrioventricular nodal blocker use and physical activity level, with a stronger association for a peripheral (carotid) compared with a central (aorta) artery.

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Common genetic variation in the 3’-BCL11B gene desert is associated with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and excess cardiovascular disease risk: the AortaGen Consortium.
By: Mitchell GF, Verwoert GC, Tarasov KV, Isaacs A, Smith AV, Yasmin, Rietzschel ER, Tanaka T, Liu Y, Parsa A, Najjar SS, O’Shaughnessy KM, Sigurdsson S, De Buyzere ML, Larson MG, Sie MP, Andrews JS, Post WS, et al.

Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV) is a heritable measure of aortic stiffness that is strongly associated with increased risk for major cardiovascular disease events. Common genetic variation in a locus in the BCL11B gene desert that is thought to harbor 1 or more gene enhancers is associated with higher CFPWV and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Elucidation of the role this novel locus plays in aortic stiffness may facilitate development of therapeutic interventions that limit aortic stiffening and related cardiovascular disease events.

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Short-term effect of atorvastatin on carotid artery elasticity: a pilot study.
By: Ratchford EV, Gutierrez J, Lorenzo D, McClendon MS, Della-Morte D, DeRosa JT, Elkind MS, Sacco RL, Rundek T.
Short-term treatment with high-dose atorvastatin was associated with improvement in the carotid elasticity metrics. Carotid artery elasticity measured by B-mode ultrasound is a simple noninvasive measure of arterial wall function and may be a useful surrogate end point in clinical trials targeting individuals at increased risk for atherosclerosis.
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Short-term effect of atorvastatin on carotid artery elasticity.
By: Ratchford EV, Gutierrez J, Lorenzo D, McClendon MS, Della-Morte D, DeRosa JT, Elkind MSV, Sacco RL, Rundek T.
Short-term treatment with high-dose atorvastatin was associated with improvement in the carotid elasticity metrics. Carotid artery elasticity measured by B-mode ultrasound is a simple noninvasive measure of arterial wall function and may be a useful surrogate end point in clinical trials targeting individuals at increased risk for atherosclerosis.
Read on Pubmed
Thoracic aortic distensibility and thoracic aortic calcium (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]).
By: Al-Mallah MH, Nasir K, Katz R, Takasu J, Lima JA, Bluemke DA, Hundley G, Blumenthal RS, Budoff MJ.
Using multivariate analysis, thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) was independently associated with aortic distensibility (AD) after adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, and other covariates. Our analysis demonstrated that increased arterial stiffness is associated with increased TAC, independent of ethnicity and other atherosclerotic risk factors.
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Relationship of carotid distensibility and thoracic aorta calcification: multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.
By: Blaha MJ, Budoff M, Rivera JJ, Katz R, O’Leary DH, Polak JF, Takasu J, Blumenthal RS, Nasir K.
There is a strong independent association between carotid stiffness and thoracic aorta calcification. Carotid stiffness is more highly correlated with calcification of the aorta, a central elastic artery, than calcification of the coronary arteries. The prognostic significance of these findings requires longitudinal follow-up of the MESA cohort.
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