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Epilepsy in Pregnancy

Women with epilepsy experience different risks during pregnancy than women without epilepsy. In fact, your seizures may change during pregnancy:

  • In one third of pregnant women, seizures tend to get worse
  • In one third of pregnant women, seizures tend to improve
  • In one third of pregnant women, seizures remain the same

Since it is impossible to predict which of these groups you fall into, it is vital to be closely monitored during pregnancy.

Additionally, women on anticonvulsant medication need to be extra careful during pregnancy. Some medications are more likely to affect the fetus than others – be sure to discuss treatment strategies with your doctor before planning for pregnancy. Anticonvulsant medication levels can also change as a result of hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and require close monitoring.

If you experience frequent or severe seizures that result in sudden loss of consciousness, you may need to make arrangements for special help in the home or find additional child care outside the home.

Request an appointment

For more information about epilepsy and pregnancy or to consult with a doctor, request an appointment at the Epilepsy Center.


Scheduled for Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins?

Watch the patient experience video before you come

ONLINE SEMINAR: Epilepsy Surgery: Putting the Puzzle Together

Did you miss the online discussion with neurosurgeon William Anderson on epilepsy surgery? Dr. Anderson discusses treatment option for epilepsy and recent surgical advances that may offer help where medical management and medications have not.

Watch the recording here.

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