Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis, is a condition involving inflammation in one or more of the paranasal sinuses. Acute sinusitis is inflammation usually caused by an infection lasting less than four weeks. Acute sinusitis usually resolves with medical therapy including antibiotics. Chronic sinusitis is sinonasal inflammation lasting for more than 12 weeks and can be caused by multiple factors.
Sinusitis: What You Need to Know
The most common symptoms associated with sinusitis are nasal congestion, nasal discharge, postnasal drip, facial pressure or pain, decreased sense of smell, cough and fever.
Diagnosing sinusitis involves performing a thorough physical examination, nasal endoscopy and CT scans.
Medical therapy including sinonasal irrigation, antibiotics and nasal steroids, are often combined with other novel therapies to improve or eliminate sinonasal symptoms.
Surgery is used for patients with persistent sinusitis despite adequate medical therapy and severe nasal polyps caused by chronic inflammation.