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School of Medicine
Conditions We Treat: Septal Deviations and Turbinate Hypertrophy
Nasal septal deviations are common, and it is rare for doctors to see a perfectly straight nasal septum, which is the dividing line of cartilage between your two nostrils.
Turbinate hypertrophy is due to an enlargement of the turbinates (the small structures within your nose that cleanse and humidify air as it passes through your nostrils into your lungs).
Septal Deviations: What You Need to Know
- The most common symptoms of septal deviations and turbinate hypertrophy are congested or blocked nasal breathing, breathing trouble at night and snoring, chronic nosebleeds and chronic sinus infections.
- When septal deviations do cause problems, they are largely due to airway obstruction. It simply feels as though you cannot breathe well through one or both sides of your nose. This tends to bother people more at night. Nasal septal deviations can also cause sinus problems and may contribute to chronic infections.
- Diagnosing a deviated septum involves a thorough physical examination, nasal endoscopy and a CT scan.
- Nasal steroids sprays can be used for problems associated with nasal septal deviations and turbinate hypertrophy. These medications help to reduce mucosal inflammation and therefore decongest the nose improving nasal breathing.
- When the septum or turbinate bony structures are causing nasal obstruction or medications fail to improve symptoms, surgery is often required. This surgery may involve straightening the septum (septoplasty) or turbinate reduction (turbinoplasty).
Why Choose Johns Hopkins for Septal Deviation or Turbinate Hypertrophy?
Our Patient Education
Our Sinus Center team recorded online seminars and answers to frequently asked questions to keep our patients informed about their condition and treatment options.