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Treatment for Parkinson's Disease

Treatment for Parkinson's Disease depends on the symptoms, and can include:

  • Behavioral, physical, speech, or occupational therapy
  • Medications and drug therapy
  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Exercise
Symptoms:Treatment Options:
Muscle Rigidity
  • anti-Parkinson's medications
  • deep brain stimulators
Resting Tremors
  • anti-Parkinson's medications
  • deep brain stimulators
Bradykinesia (Slowness of Movement)
  • anti-Parkinson's medications
  • deep brain stimulators
Postural Instability (Walking and Balance Difficulties)
  • physical therapy
  • assistive devices such as canes and walkers
Constipation
  • ensuring regular activity
  • drinking plenty of fluids/eating more fiber
  • Stool softeners, such as Colace®, or laxatives
Excessive Salivation
  • behavioral interventions
  • ophthalmic solutions of atropine
  • chemodenervation
Medication-related motor complications
  • changing dosage schedule
  • adding additional medications such as a dopamine agonist
  • deep brain stimulation
Depression
  • counseling
  • antidepressant medications
Cognitive Impairment
  • adjusting antiparkinsonian medications
Hallucinations/Delusions
  • adjusting or changing antiparkinsonian medications
  • antipsychotic medicine
Anxiety
  • behavioral techniques
  • antidepressant medications
  • adjusting antiparkinsonian medications
Other Behavioral Disturbances
  • adjustments in antiparkinsonian medications
  • antipsychotic medications
Sleep symptoms
  • regular afternoon exercise
  • behavioral techniques
  • antianxiety or antidepressant medications
  • adjustments in antiparkinsonian medications
Swallowing/Speech difficulties
  • speech therapy
  • swallow evaluation
Dystonia (foot)
  • medication
  • chemodenervation
 

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