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Most cardiac operations today are performed through a sternotomy, which involves splitting the entire breastbone. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery encompasses a variety of operations performed through incisions that are substantially smaller and less traumatic than the standard sternotomy. Minimally invasive incisions measure about 3 to 4 inches compared to 8 to 10 sternotomy incisions. Specialized handheld and robotic instruments are used to project the dexterity of the surgeon’s hands through these small incisions in performing the operations.
Minimally invasive surgery confers many advantages over standard approaches derived largely from the reduced trauma to the chest wall tissues. The benefits of minimally invasive cardiac surgery include:
The Johns Hopkins Minimally-Invasive Cardiac Surgical Program currently offers the following operations using a minimally-invasive approach:
Mitral Valve Repair
Patent Foramen Ovale Closure
Atrial Septal Defect Closure
Biventricular epicardial pacing lead placement
Surgical Radiofrequency Ablation for atrial fibrillation
If you would like to find out if you are a candidate for minimally invasive cardiac surgery or if you would like more information regarding this approach, please contact us at (410) 955-9780 Monday through Friday 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM EST.