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The following actions can lower the risks of additional complications for patients with heart failure:

  • Confirm your medications are appropriate. Have a specialist regularly review your medications to ensure you are receiving the proper type and dosage.
  • Don’t drink excessive amounts of fluid. Fluid build-up is a contributing factor in heart failure.
  • Don’t eat salty foods, as they retain fluids and can lead to heart failure.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • When food shopping, pay attention to labels. Go on a video tour of a grocery store with a Johns Hopkins registered dietitian.

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