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Robert Stevens, M.D.

Robert David Stevens, M.D.

Photo of Dr. Robert Stevens, M.D.
  • Director of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Precision Medicine
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

Specializes in: Adolescents (12-18 years), Adults (18+ years), Children (1-11 years), Geriatrics (55+ years)


Languages: English, French


Acute Stroke Care, Critical Care Medicine, Epilepsy, Intracerebral Hemorrhage , Neurological Critical Care, Traumatic Brain Injury more

Research Interests

Precision Medicine; Applications of Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in Intensive Care Medicine

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-955-2611
600 N. Wolfe Street
Phipps Building, 455A
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-7481 | Fax: 410-614-7903

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

Appointment Phone: 410-550-0942
4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224 map
Phone: 410-550-0942 | Fax: 410-550-0443


Dr. Stevens is an intensive care physician who treats patients with critical surgical and neurological illnesses and injuries. He has special expertise in the care of traumatic brain injury, stroke, encephalopathy and in the management of patients after cardiac arrest. Following medical studies, Dr. Stevens completed residency in anesthesiology and fellowships in critical care medicine and neurocritical care. He also completed postdoctoral research training in molecular neurobiology, cellular electrophysiology, advanced magnetic resonance imaging and brain mapping. He is Director of Precision Medicine for Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine and Associate Director of the Johns Hopkins Neurocritical Care Precision Medicine Center of Excellence. He holds faculty appointments in the Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering, Institute for Computational Medicine and the FM Kirby Center for Functional Neuroimaging. Dr. Stevens holds leadership positions in the Society of Critical Care Medicine, European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Society of Critical Care Anesthesiology and Neurocritical Society and is an Associate Editor of the journals Thorax, Critical Care Medicine, Neurocritical Care, Annals of Intensive Care and Frontiers in Neurology. more


  • Director of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Precision Medicine
  • Associate Director, Precision Medicine Center of Excellence
  • Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery
  • Associate Professor of Neurology
  • Associate Professor of Radiology and Radiological Science

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD, Faculte de Medicine Universite de Geneve (1992)


  • University of Geneva / Anesthesiology (2000)


  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Anesthesiology (2003)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Anesthesiology / Anesthesiology (2012)
  • American Board of Anesthesiology / Critical Care Medicine (2013)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Stevens’ vision is to apply Precision Medicine for the benefit of acutely and critically ill patients. His research seeks to identify signatures associated with trauma, surgery and acute conditions such as stroke, cardiac arrest, and sepsis. To achieve this, he engages with an interdisciplinary team of basic and systems neuroscientists, biomedical and computer engineers, biostatisticians, data scientists, and neuroradiologists. One area of Dr. Stevens' research examines MRI features of the brain connectome to enhance classification and prediction in patients recovering from severe brain injury. Other projects use artificial intelligence methods to analyze features captured through physiologic monitoring, EEG, genomics and wearable sensors. The overarching aim is to decode phenotypes and increase the accuracy of classification, prediction and therapy in acutely ill patients.


The Stevens Lab (Laboratory of Computational Intensive Care Medicine) leverages robust theoretical paradigms, high-resolution multidimensional data, and artificial intelligence to enhance resilience and recovery of critically ill neurological patients. 

Technology Expertise Keywords

Precision Heath; Data Science; Machine Learning; Brain Mapping

Clinical Trial Keywords

Precision Medicine, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence

Selected Publications

View all on Pubmed

Sair HI, Hannawi Y, Li S, Kornbluth J, Vanhaudenhuyse A, Laureys S, Chabanne R, Jean B, Benali H, Perlbarg V, Luyt CE, Galanaud D, Velly L, Puybasset L, Pekar J, Caffo B, Stevens RD. Early functional connectome integrity and one-year recovery in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. Radiology 2017; 162161. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017162161

Hannawi Y, Lindquist MA, Caffo BS, Sair HI, and Stevens RD. Resting brain activity in humans with consciousness disorders: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Neurology 2015;84:1272-128

Hinson H, Puybasset L, Weiss N, Perlbarg V, Benali H, Galanaud D, Lasarev M, Stevens RD, for the Neuro Imaging for Coma Emergence and Recovery (NICER) Consortium. Neuroanatomical basis of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity: a diffusion tensor imaging analysis. Brain Injury 2015;29:455-61

Salluh JIF, Wang H, Schneider E, Nagarajan N, Yenokyan G, Damluji A, Serafim RB, Stevens RD. The Outcome of Delirium in Critically Ill Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Br Med J. 2015;350:h253

Schneider EB, Sur S, Raymont V, Duckworth J, Kowalski R, Efron DT, Hui X, Selvarajah S, Hambridge HL, Stevens RD. Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: a role for cognitive reserve? Neurology 2014; 82:1636-42

Academic Affiliations & Courses

Graduate Program Affiliation

Director, Precision Medicine in Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine

Associate Director,  Neurocritical Care Precision Medicine Center of Excellence

Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering

FM Kirby Center for Functional Brain Imaging 

Johns Hopkins Institute for Computational Medicine

Courses and Syllabi

  • Precision Care Medicine
  • Medical Tutorial
  • Introduction to Regenerative Medicine

Activities & Honors


  • Leadership Development Program, Johns Hopkins Medicine, 2011
  • Educational Scholarship Award, Society of Critical Care Medicine Curriculum, 2007
  • Faculty 1000 Medicine, 2007
  • Fellow of the American Academy of Critical Care Medicine (FCCM)
  • Executive Certificate in Health Care Leadership and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Carey Business School
  • Foundations in Leadership and Management, Carey Business School, Johns Hopkins University, 2018


  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Heart Association Council on Stroke, 2002
  • American Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
  • Association of University Anesthesiologists, 2010
  • European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, 2005
  • Maryland Society of Anesthesiologists, 2003
  • Society for Neuroscience, 2008
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine, 2002
  • The Neurocritical Care Society, 2004

Professional Activities

  • Associate Editor, Thorax, 2015
  • Editorial Board, Critical Care Medicine, 2015
  • Associate Editor, Neurocritical Care, 2015
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Critical Care, 2015
  • Associate Editor, Frontiers in Neurology, 2016
  • Editorial board, Annals of Intensive, 2011
  • Grant reviewer, Society of Critical Care Medicine Vision Grant, 2013
  • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2012
  • Grant reviewer, Institut Pasteur and Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 2010
  • Grant reviewer, ESICM ECCRN/Industry Research, 2010

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Some Coronavirus Patients Show Signs of Brain Ailments, The New York Times (May 14, 2020)

How does coronavirus kill? Clinicians trace a ferocious rampage through the body, from brain to toes, Science  (April  17, 2020)

Johns Hopkins team launches temperature-tracking study and app to map and monitor potential COVID-19 cases, The Hub (April 30, 2020)

How Covid-19 can damage the brain, BBC (June 22, 2020)

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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