Susanne Muehlschlegel, M.D., M.P.H.

Headshot of Susanne Muehlschlegel
  • Professor (PAR) of Neurology

Languages: English, German


Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Critical Care Medicine, Neurological Critical Care more

Research Interests

Shared Decision-Making; Neuroprognostication; Physician-family Communication; Traumatic Brain Injury; Severe acute brain injury; Severe stroke more


The Johns Hopkins Hospital

600 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21287
The Johns Hopkins Hospital - Google Maps

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center

4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center - Google Maps


Neurologist Susanne Muehlschlegel is an internationally known clinician-researcher who specializes in critically ill patients as well as understanding and improving shared decision-making, and the ways physicians derive and convey health care recommendations and prognostication to families of neuro-critically ill patients. Her empirical family- and patient-centered research intersects with decision-science, mixed-methods research, neurology, neurosurgery, and critical care medicine. She strongly believes that involving families and other stakeholders in her research will positively impact the clinical care of neurocritically ill patients.

Dr. Muehlschlegel earned her medical degree at Philipps-University in Marburg, Germany. She completed an internship in internal medicine followed by residency training at Shands Hospital and Malcolm Randall Veteran Affairs Medical Center at the University of Florida College of Medicine. She finished her fellowship training in neurocritical care at the Harvard Combined Program at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and she obtained her master’s degree in public health at the Harvard School of Public Health.

She is the co-chair of a large international guideline on neuroprognostication, a joint guideline between the Neurocritical Care Society and the German Society for Neuro-Intensive Care Medicine (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Neurointensivmedizin). She recently served as the leader of the “Curing Coma” Common Data Elements subgroup for “Goals of Care Decisions / Family Data” with national and international group members. She has also served as co-chair of the NIH/NINDS-funded Family Experience Workshop after Cardiac Arrest and Severe Neurotrauma. more


  • Professor (PAR) of Neurology
  • Professor (PAR) of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
  • Professor (PAR) of Neurosurgery

Departments / Divisions



  • MD; Philipps-University Marburg - School of Medicine (2002)


  • Neurology; UF Health Shands Hospital (2006)


  • Vascular and Critical Care Neurology; Brigham and Women's Hospital (2008)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Psychiatry And Neurology (Neurology) (2007)
  • American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (Vascular Neurology) (2008)
  • United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (Neurocritical Care) (2008)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Susanne Muehlschlegel is a clinician-researcher with a nationally and internationally known clinical research program in neuroprognostication, clinician-family communication, and shared decision-making for surrogate decision-makers of neurocritically ill patients, especially those with traumatic brain injury, and ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Her empirical research lies at the intersection of neurology, neurosurgery, and critical care medicine using mixed-methods research, stakeholder involvement, intervention design, and clinical trials. Her research has been funded by the NIH and foundations, and she has published >100 research articles and book chapters.  She has earned both national and international recognition for her expertise, as evidenced by invitations to speak at national and international research and consensus conferences, international collaborations, participation in NIH study sections, her role as co-Chair of a large international neuroprognostication guideline in neurocritical care, and an invitation for a State-of-the-Art review in neuroprognostication and shared decision-making in the British Medical Journal.

Dr. Muehlschlegel is a highly sought-after mentor and has successfully mentored >40 medical students, residents, fellows, visiting research scholars, and PhD students. She is passionate about promoting curiosity, scientific rigor, and her love for neurocritical care. As a results, she was nominated for the University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Mentoring in 2020.

Additionally, Dr. Muehlschlegel is a leader in academic faculty development. She has served the institutional faculty development programs at the University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School for the past decade and has directed the institution's Junior Faculty Development Program, a national, intense model for junior faculty development for five years. She is particularly interested in advocating for women in medicine. She has led an author group within the international Neurocritical Care Society who have published on gender parity in membership and leadership as well as grants and recognition awards within the Society.

Activities & Honors


  • 2021 Top Reviewer Award (awarded to the top 15 reviewers of this journal for superior dedication and commitment to excellence), The “Green Journal” NEUROLOGY, 2022
  • Top-Paper of the Year in Neurotrauma and Critical Care Award (Manuscript: Multicenter Validation of the Survival After Acute Civilian Penetrating Brain Injuries (SPIN) Score), Congress of Neurological Surgeons, 2020
  • Outstanding Reviewer Award, (awarded by Editor-in-Chief for top 25 reviewers of the year), Neurocritical Care Journal, 2020
  • Nominee, 2020 Chancellor’s Award for Excellence in Mentoring, University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School, 2020
  • Fellow (FAAN), American Academy of Neurology, 2019
  • American Academy of Neurology “Women Leading in Neurology” leadership program, Selected Participant (selected as 1 of 12 participants, out of >80 applicants), American Academy of Neurology, 2018 - 2019
  • Presidential Citation (for Outstanding Contributions to the Neurocritical Care Society), Neurocritical Care Society, 2017 - 2020
  • Fellow (FCCM), American College of Critical Care Medicine, 2016
  • Fellow (FNCS), Neurocritical Care Society, 2014
  • UMASS Faculty Scholar Award (awarded to women faculty at Univ of Massachusetts Chan Medical School for outstanding research during times of increased family responsibilities), University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School, 2011
  • Alpha Omega Alpha, University of Florida College of Medicine, 2005
  • Neurology Resident Teacher of the Year, University of Florida College of Medicine, 2005


  • Neurocritical Care Society
  • Society of Critical Care Medicine
  • American Academy of Neurology
  • American Neurological Association

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Language Use in Neurocritical Illness Prognostication, American Academy of Neurology NEUROLOGY Podcast Interview (September 25, 2023)

Susanne Muehlschlegel leads study on first-of-its-kind neuro ICU decision aids, University of Massachusetts Medical School News (October 25, 2022)

Susanne Muehlschlegel dedicated to helping families of patients with severe acute brain injury, University of Massachusetts Medical School News, (January 10, 2019)

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