Sharon Denise Solomon, M.D.

Headshot of Sharon Denise Solomon
  • Katharine M. Graham Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Professor of Ophthalmology

Languages: English, Spanish


Diabetic Macular Edema, Diabetic Retinopathy, Epiretinal Membranes, Macular Degeneration, Macular Disorders, Macular Holes, Macular Puckers, Ophthalmology, Retinal Detachment, Retinal Disease, Retinal Specialist, Retinal Surgery, Retinal Vein Occlusion, Retinal Vessel Occlusion, Surgical Diseases of the Retina, Vitreoretinal Diseases and Surgery Service more

Research Interests

Age-Related Macular Degeneration; Diabetic Retinopathy; Macular holes more

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Outside of Maryland & Washington D.C.

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 410-955-3518
600 N. Wolfe Street
Wilmer Eye Institute
Baltimore, MD 21287
Fax: 410-614-2186
The Johns Hopkins Hospital - Google Maps

Johns Hopkins Medicine - Green Spring Station

Appointment Phone: 410-583-2802
10753 Falls Road
Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute, Pavilion II
Lutherville, MD 21093
Phone: 410-614-6908 | Fax: 410-614-2186
Johns Hopkins Medicine - Green Spring Station - Google Maps


Sharon D. Solomon, M.D., is the Katharine M. Graham Professor of Ophthalmology at the Wilmer Eye Institute. A retina specialist and ophthalmologist, Dr. Solomon's clinical expertise includes medical and surgical treatment of age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, epiretinal membranes, macular holes, and retinal tears and detachment. Dr. Solomon has a large national and international referral practice at Wilmer.

Dr. Solomon has served as principal investigator at Wilmer on a number of NIH-sponsored clinical trials. She has numerous publications from her clinical trials involvement.

Dr. Solomon received her bachelor's degree in biochemistry from Harvard University and her medical degree from the University of California, San Francisco. After her internship at Stanford, she returned to UCSF for her residency in ophthalmology. Dr. Solomon completed her surgical retina fellowship at the Wilmer Eye Institute prior to joining the faculty.

Dr. Solomon is a member of the prestigious Miller-Coulson Academy of Clinical Excellence at Johns Hopkins. more


  • Katharine M. Graham Professor of Ophthalmology
  • Professor of Ophthalmology

Departments / Divisions

Centers & Institutes



  • MD; University of California San Francisco School of Medicine (1996)


  • Ophthalmology; University of California San Francisco School of Medicine (2000)


  • Retina; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2002)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Ophthalmology (Ophthalmology) (2001)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

Dr. Solomon’s research is aimed at better understanding the pathophysiology of how idiopathic macular holes develop and to potentially develop targeted non-surgical therapy for this blinding condition.  The current treatment for idiopathic macular holes, which occur more commonly in women, involves surgery very often with prolonged face-down positioning.  While successful, surgery can be associated with significant complications such as cataract formation, increased eye pressure, retinal tears, and retinal detachment.

Because a gas bubble is placed in the eye during surgery to close the macular hole, patients have decreased vision for days after surgery and lose time from work because of the need for prolonged face-down positioning.

Dr. Solomon’s work is implementing proteomics analyses to understand the pathogenesis of macular hole formation.  If successful, this research may elucidate the pathophysiology of other surgical retinal diseases, such as vitreomacular traction, lamellar holes, and epiretinal membranes, all of which can cause decreased reading vision that requires surgical intervention. 

Dr. Solomon's initial research on macular holes has gained national attention and is being undertaken in a clinical trial that will involve medical centers across the country.  


Activities & Honors


  • Secretariat Award, American Academy of Ophthalmology, 2017


  • Alpha Omega Alpha
  • American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • American Board of Ophthalmology
  • American Society of Retina Specialists
  • Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
  • Macula Society
  • Retina Society
  • Society of Heed Fellows

Videos & Media

Recent News Articles and Media Coverage

Solomon Inducted Into Indispensable Role of Blacks at Johns Hopkins Project, Johns Hopkins Medicine (Sept. 2022)

Celebrating Black History Month at Wilmer, Johns Hopkins Medicine (Feb. 2021)

A Hole in None?, Johns Hopkins Medicine (Feb. 2020)

Dr. Sharon Solomon Recognized as First African-American Full Professor in Wilmer History, Johns Hopkins Medicine (Mar. 2019)

Johns Hopkins Medicine podcast, A Woman's Journey, features Dr. Sharon Solomon in the episode The Aging Eye, to discuss common issues from dry eye to macular degeneration, which can develop as we age.

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