Ning Cao, M.D.

Headshot of Ning Cao
  • Rehabilitation Medicine Director, Inpatient Rehabilitation Services, Johns Hopkins Medicine
  • Associate Professor (PAR) of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Languages: English, Chinese, Mandarin


Brain Injury Rehabilitation, Neurologic Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Stroke, Stroke Rehabilitation, Traumatic Brain Injury more

Research Interests

Stroke rehabilitation; Spasticity management; Clinical application of robotics therapy; and 3D printer technology in inpatient rehab more

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Insurance Information

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Outside of Maryland & Washington D.C.

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The Johns Hopkins Hospital

Appointment Phone: 443-997-5476
600 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-614-4030 | Fax: 410-614-4033


Ning Cao, M.D., is a rehabilitation physician specializing in stroke and brain injury rehabilitation. She has training and expertise using nerve block and Botox injection for spasticity management and robotic-assisted technology to help patients recover and regain independence after brain injury and other neurologic conditions. In addition, she is a musculoskeletal sonographer and performs acupuncture for stroke recovery and pain management. 

Dr. Cao obtained her medical degree from the Hebei Medical University in China. She completed a residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Albert Einstein Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. Dr. Cao has served as an attending physician and a director of stroke rehabilitation programs in several medical centers, most recently at MossRehab/Jefferson Health. She has held her academic appointment as clinical associate professor in rehabilitation medicine at Thomas Jefferson University since 2020. 

Dr. Cao’s research focuses on improving quality of care and outcomes for patients who experience stroke. She led several research projects, including investigation of the feasibility and efficacy of robotic-assisted gait training in inpatient rehabilitation setting and effectiveness of early rehabilitation program for COVID patients. Dr. Cao has co-authored numerous research papers and presented her findings at national and international rehabilitation conferences.

Dr. Cao has served as a mentor and an educator helping train many medical students, residents and fellows across several programs. more


  • Rehabilitation Medicine Director, Inpatient Rehabilitation Services, Johns Hopkins Medicine
  • Medical Director, Meyer 7 Rehabilitation Unit, The Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • Associate Professor (PAR) of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Departments / Divisions



  • MD; Hebei Medical University (1997)


  • Neurology; Hebei Medical University (1999)
  • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; Montefiore Medical Center (2012)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehab (Brain Injury Medicine) (2016)
  • American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehab (Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation) (2013)

Research & Publications

Selected Publications

Moon D, Cao N, Martinez B, Shoe and Bracing Considerations for the Insensate Foot: Shoe considerations for diabetic foot, Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 2022 Sep 28. 33(2022)845-856

Cao N, Barcikowski J, et al, Efficacy of Early Inpatient Rehabilitation of Post COVID 19 Survivors-Single Center Retrospective Analysis, American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, in press

Cao, N, Packel, A, Marcy, E ,Sprik, K, Harold, E, Xiao, R , Esquenazi, A Implementing robotic-assisted gait training in acute inpatient stroke rehabilitation: A quality improvement initiative, The Journal of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 2021-10-01, Vol.4 (4), p.168-173

Chen, Z, Wang, Y, Cao N, Chen C, Wang YQ, Ru, Y A Survey on normal-pressure hydrocephalus in Shanghai community health-care professionals in Yangpu Community Training Program for Rehabilitation Medicine, Journal of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol 2, issue 4, 2019 Pg 151-158

Cao, N, Nguyen B, Li, S, Lamba R, Hafner R, Li, S An Overview of Acupuncture in Stroke Recovery: A Narrative Review, The Journal of the International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 2020 Jan: Vol 3(3): 80-86

Activities & Honors


  • Main Line Today Magazine Top Doctors, 2020
  • Doctor of the year, Recognition of annual Einstein Physician, 2018
  • The Golden Goniometer – “The best teacher of the year “teaching award, PM&R Department at John Hopkins Hospital, 2013
  • Nominee of initiative of Discovery Excellence Awards, Abbott Laboratories
  • Nominee of Early Impact of Discovery Excellence Awards, Abbott Laboratories


  • Association of Academic Physiatrist (AAP), 2009
  • American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2009


  • The American Association of Chinese Rehabilitation Physician, 2009
  • International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM), 2018

Videos & Media

Lectures and Presentations

  • Orthotic related limb pain& modification during inpatient stroke rehabilitation
    Einstein research recognition
  • Limb weakness manifesting as ataxic-like movements after a sensorimotor stroke: a case report
    Presentation, AAP New Orleans
  • Implementation of 3D Printed Temporary Orthotics to Reduce Hospital-Acquired Injury in Acute Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation
    Presentation, Gait and Clinical Movement Society Conference (05/01/2021)
  • Early Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation of a Young Stroke Patient After Covid-19
    Presentation (11/01/2020)
    Einstein Case Report Competition Award

Patient Ratings & Comments

The Patient Rating score is an average of all responses to physician related questions on the national CG-CAHPS Medical Practice patient experience survey through Press Ganey. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. Comments are also gathered from our CG-CAHPS Medical Practice Survey through Press Ganey and displayed in their entirety. Patients are de-identified for confidentiality and patient privacy.

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