Michael Craig Schubert, Ph.D.

Headshot of Michael Craig Schubert
  • Professor of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery


Vestibular Disorders

Research Interests

Vestibular Neurophysiology


Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center (now called Levi Watkins, Jr., M.D., Outpatient Center)

Appointment Phone: 443-997-6467
601 N. Caroline St.
Baltimore, MD 21287
Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center (now called Levi Watkins, Jr., M.D., Outpatient Center) - Google Maps


Michael C. Schubert, PT, Ph.D.completed his Ph.D. at the University of Miami in 2001.  He then completed a post-doctoral fellowship in vestibular neurophysiology at Johns Hopkins University in 2004.  Currently, he holds an appointment as Professor in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at Johns Hopkins University. His research is focused on examining the oculomotor mechanisms responsible for both behavioral outcomes and physiologic changes associated with vestibular rehabilitation. His research has been funded by NASA, NIH, the US Department of Defense, and the Foundation for Physical Therapy.

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  • Professor of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Departments / Divisions



  • B.S.; Old Dominion University (Virginia) (1989)
  • Ph.D.; University of Miami (Florida) (2001)

Additional Training

  • Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 2004, Vestibular Neurophysiology; Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 2004, Vestibular Neurophysiology

Research & Publications


Lab Website: Laboratory of Vestibular NeuroAdaption

Selected Publications

1. Rine RM, Schubert MC, Balkany T. Visual-vestibular habituation and balance training for motion sickness. Phys Ther: 1999; 79:949-957.

2. Herdman SJ, Blatt PJ, Schubert MC, Tusa RJ. Falls in patients with vestibular deficits. Am J Otology. 2000; 21: 847-851.

3. Herdman SJ, Blatt PJ, Schubert MC. Vestibular rehabilitation of patients with vestibular hypofunction or with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Current Opinions in Neurology: 13: 39-43, 2000.

4. Herdman SJ, Schubert MC, Tusa RJ. Strategies for balance rehabilitation: Fall Risk and Treatment. Annals NYAS. 2000; Vol 942: 394 – 412.

5. Herdman SJ, Schubert MC, Tusa RJ. Role of central pre-programming in dynamic visual acuity in vestibular loss. Arch Otolaryng Head Neck Surg: 2001. 127:1205 – 1210.

6. Schubert MC, Herdman SJ, Tusa RJ. Functional measure of gaze stability in patients with vestibular hypofunction. Ann NY Acad Sci. 2001 Oct; 942:490-1.

7. Schubert MC, Herdman SJ, Tusa RJ. Vertical dynamic visual acuity in normal subjects and subjects with vestibular hypofunction. Otology & Neurotology: 2002. 23:372-377.

8. Herdman SJ, Schubert MC, Das VE, Tusa RJ. Recovery of Dynamic Visual Acuity in Unilateral Vestibular Hypofunction. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2003; 129: 819 824.

9. Schubert MC, Das V, Tusa RJ, Herdman SJ. Cervico-ocular reflex in normal subjects and patients with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Otol Neurotol. 2004 Jan; 25(1): 65-71.

10. Hall CD, Schubert MC, Herdman SJ. Prediction of fall risk reduction as measured by dynamic gait index in individuals with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Otol Neurotol. 2004 Sept; 25:746–751.

11. Schubert MC, Tusa RJ, Grine LE, Herdman SJ. Optimizing the sensitivity of the head thrust test for identifying vestibular hypofunction. Phys Ther. 2004 Feb; 84(2): 151-8.

12. Biousse V, Tusa RJ, Russell B, Azran MS, Das V, Schubert MC, Ward M, Newman NJ. The use of contact lenses to treat visually symptomatic congenital nystagmus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Feb; 75(2): 314-6.

13. Migliaccio AA, Schubert MC, Jiradejvong P, Lasker DM, Clendaniel RA, Minor LB. The 3 Dimensional Vestibuloocular Reflex Evoked by High Acceleration Rotations in the Squirrel Monkey. Exp. Brain Res. 2004 Dec; 159(4): 433-46.

14. Schubert MC, Minor LB. Vestibulo-ocular Physiology Underlying Vestibular Hypofunction. Phys Ther. 2004 Apr; 84(4): 373-85.

15. Migliaccio AA, Schubert MC, Clendaniel RA, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Zee DS. Axis of Eye Rotation Changes with Head-Pitch Orientation during Head Impulses about Earth-Vertical. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2006 Jun; 7(2):140-50. Epub 2006 Mar 22.

16. Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC. Dynamic visual acuity during passive head thrusts in canal planes. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2006 Dec; 7(4):329-38. Epub 2006 Jun 30.

17. Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC. Modification of compensatory saccades after aVOR gain recovery. J Vestib Res. 2006; 16(6):285-9.

18. Herdman SJ, Hall CD, Schubert MC, Das VE, Tusa RJ. Recovery of Dynamic Visual Acuity in Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction. Arch Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg. 2007 Apr; 133(4):383-9.

19. Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Minor LB, Clendaniel. Retention of VOR gain following Short-term VOR Adaptation. Exp Brain Res. 2008. 0014-4819 (Print) 1432-1106 (Online).

20. Blatt PJ, Schubert MC, Roach KE, Tusa RJ. The Reliability of the Vestibular Autorotation Test (VAT) In Patients with Dizziness. J Neurologic Phys Ther. 2008 Jun; 32(2):70-9.

21. Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Clendaniel RA, Allak A, Carey JP. Mechanism of dynamic visual acuity recovery with vestibular rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehab 2008, Mar; 89(3):500-7.

22. Schubert MC, Della Santina CC, Shelhamer M. Incremental angular vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation to active head rotation. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Dec; 191(4):435-46. Epub 2008 Aug 20

23. Scherer M, Migliaccio AA, Schubert MC. Effect of vestibular rehabilitation on passive dynamic visual acuity. J Vestib Res. 2008; 18(2-3):147-57.

24. Agrawal Y, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Schubert MC, Minor LB. Prevalence and risk factors of vestibular dysfunction in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004. Arch Int Med. 2009; 169(10):938-944.

25. Schubert MC, Hall CD, Das VE, Tusa RJ, Herdman SJ. Oculomotor strategies and their effect of reducing gaze position error. Otol Neurotol. 2010 Feb; 31(2):228-31.

26. Scherer M, Schubert MC. High velocity angular vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation to position error signals. J Neuro Physical Therapy. 2010 Jun; 34(2):82-6.

27. Agrawal Y, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Schubert MC, Minor LB. Diabetes, vestibular dysfunction, and falls: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004. Otol Neurotol. Otol Neurotol. 2010 Dec;31(9):1445-50.

28. Scherer MR, Shelhamer MJ, Schubert MC. Characterizing high-velocity angular vestibulo-ocular reflex function in service members post-blast exposure. Exp Brain Res. 2010 Nov 27. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21113582

29. Scherer MR, Burrows H, Pinto R, Littlefield P, French LM, Tarbett AK, Schubert MC. Evidence of Central and Peripheral Vestibular Pathology in Blast-Related Traumatic Brain Injury.
Otol Neurotol. 2011 Feb 24. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21358450

30. Agrawal Y, Carey JP, Hoffman HJ, Sklare DA, Schubert MC. The Modified Romberg Balance Test: Normative Data in U.S. Adults. Otol Neurotol. 2011 Sep 1 PMID: 21892121.

31. Agrawal Y, Minor LB, Schubert MC, Janky KL, Davalos-Bichara M, Carey JP. Second-Side Surgery in Superior Canal Dehiscence Syndrome. Otol Neurotol. 2012 Jan; 33(1):72-77.

32. Zuniga MG, Janky KL, Schubert MC, Carey JP. Can vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials help differentiate Ménière disease from vestibular migraine? Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 May;146(5):788-96. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

33. Rine RM, Roberts D, Corbin BA, McKean-Cowdin R, Varma R, Beaumont J, Slotkin J, Schubert MC. New portable tool to screen vestibular and visual function—National Institutes of Health Toolbox initiative. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(2):209–20

34. Snapp HA, Schubert MC. Habilitation of auditory and vestibular dysfunction. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2012 Apr;45(2):487-511.

35. Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Ng TW, Shaikh AG, Zee DS. The Under-compensatory Roll aVOR Does Not Affect Dynamic Visual Acuity. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2012 Apr 24

36. Agrawal Y, Zuniga MG, Davalos-Bichara M, Schubert MC, Walston JD, Hughes J, Carey JP. Decline in semicircular canal and otolith function with age. Otol Neurotol. 2012 Jul; 33(5):832-9.

37. Arthur JC, Kortte KB, Shelhamer M, Schubert MC. Linear Path Integration Deficits in Patients with Abnormal Vestibular Afference. Seeing and Perceiving 2012. 25; 155–178.

38. Janky KJ, Zuniga G, Carey JP, Schubert MC. Balance dysfunction and recovery after surgery for superior canal dehiscence syndrome. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Aug 1;138(8):723-30.

39. Davalos-Bichara M, Lin FR, Carey JP, Walston JD, Fairman JE, Schubert MC, Barron JS, Hughes J, Millar JL, Spar A, Weber KL, Ying HS, Zackowski KM, Zee D, Agrawal Y. Development and Validation of a Falls-Grading Scale. J Geriatr Phys Ther. 2012 Jul 17

40. Zuniga MG, Dinkes RE, Davalos-Bichara M, Carey JP, Schubert MC, King WM, Walston J, Agrawal Y. Association Between Hearing Loss and Saccular Dysfunction in Older Individuals.
Otol Neurotol. 2012 Oct 11. [Epub ahead of print]

41. Migliaccio AA, Schubert MC. Unilateral Adaptation of the Human Angular Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2013 Feb;14(1):29-36. doi: 10.1007/s10162-012-0359-7.

42. Rine, RM, Schubert MC, Whitney S, Roberts D, Redfern M, Musolino, M, Roche J, Steed D, Corbin B, Lin CC, Marchetti G, Beaumont J, Carey J, Shepard N, Jacobson G, Wrisley D, Hoffman H, Furman G, Slotkin J. Vestibular Function Assessment Using the NIH Toolbox. Neurology 2013;80; Pages: S25-S31.

43. Agrawal Y, Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Zee DS, Schneider E, Lehnen N, Carey JP. Evaluation of quantitative head impulse testing using search coils vs. video-oculography in older individuals. Otol Neurotol. 2013 Sep 27.

44. Mantokoudis G, Schubert MC, Saber Tehrani AS, Wong AL, Agrawal Y. Early adaptation and compensation of clinical vestibular responses after unilateral vestibular deafferentation surgery. Otol Neurotol. 2014 Jan;35(1):148-54

45. Janky KL, Zuniga MG, Ward B, Carey JP, Schubert MC. Canal Plane Dynamic Visual Acuity in Superior Canal Dehiscence. Otol Neurotol. 2014 Mar 21. [Epub ahead of print]

46. Wenzel A, Ward BK, Schubert MC, Kheradmand A, Zee DS, Mantokoudis G, Carey JP. Patients With Vestibular Loss, Tullio Phenomenon, and Pressure-Induced Nystagmus: Vestibular atelectasis? Otol Neurotol. 2014 Apr 24. [Epub ahead of print]

47. Schubert MC Mantokoudis G, Xie L, Agrawal Y. Acute VOR gain differences for outward vs.
inward head impulses J Vestib Res. In Press.

48. Lee SH, Newman-Toker D, Zee SD, Schubert MC. Compensatory saccade differences
between outward versus inward head impulses in chronic unilateral vestibular hypofunction. J Clin Neuro. In Press.

49. Migliaccio AA and Schubert MC. Pilot study of a new rehabilitation tool: Improved unilateral short-term adaptation of the human angular vestibulo-ocular reflex. Otology and Neurotology. In Press.

50. Davalos-Bichara M, Zuniga MG, Agrawal Y. Carey JP, Schubert MC. Forward and backward locomotion in individuals with dizziness. Gait Posture (2014)

Contact for Research Inquiries

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
601 N. Caroline Street
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-6151
Fax: 410-367-2365

Email me

Activities & Honors


  • Recognition of Excellence for Scholarship Award, American Physical Therapy Association Annual Conference and Exposition, 2010
  • APTA Vestibular Special Interest Group, Best Article Award, 2010
  • Nomination of Research Article to Faculty of 1000 Medicine, 2009
  • Award for best scientific presentation at JVDAC conference, DoD, 2011


  • American Physical Therapy Association
  • Association for Research in Otolaryngology

Professional Activities

  • Manager, Johns Hopkins Hospital
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