Ishrat Ahmed, M.D., Ph.D., M.S.

Headshot of Ishrat Ahmed
  • Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology

Languages: English, Bengali, French



Research Interests

Inherited Retinal Diseases; Retinitis Pigmentosa; Surgical Outcomes more


The Johns Hopkins Hospital

600 N. Wolfe Street
Wilmer Eye Institute
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-955-1477 | Fax: 410-367-2495

Johns Hopkins Wilmer Eye Institute - Bel Air

620 Boulton Street
Bel Air, MD 21014 map
Phone: 410-893-0480


Ishrat Ahmed, M.D., Ph.D., is an assistant professor of ophthalmology in the Retina Division of the Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medicine. Dr. Ahmed received her combined medical degree and doctoral degree in neuroscience at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in 2017. She is also an alumna of the Wilmer 2021 ophthalmology residency program. Most recently, Dr. Ahmed completed a vitreoretinal surgical fellowship at Massachusetts Eye and Ear in Boston.

Dr. Ahmed specializes in the management of macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, retinal tears, retinal vein occlusion and other vascular diseases of the retina. She also specializes in the surgical management of retinal detachments, retinal trauma, macular holes, and epiretinal membranes, among others. With a research background in neurodegeneration, Dr. Ahmed has a clinical and research interest in inherited retinal diseases. more


  • Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology

Departments / Divisions



  • MD PhD; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2017)


  • Ophthalmology; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (2021)


  • Retina; Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary (2023)

Board Certifications

  • American Board of Ophthalmology (Ophthalmology) (2023)

Research & Publications

Selected Publications

View all on PubMed

Ahmed I, Scott AW. Sickle Cell Retinopathy. In: Ozdek S, eds. Pediatric Vitreoretinal Surgery Book; Springer Nature; 2023. (Book chapter)

Velez-Montoya R, Rivera-Cortes MA, Ledesma-Gil G, Carranza-Casas M, Martinez JD, Levine H, Yanuzzi NA, Amescua G, Ahmed I, Beatson B, Akpek E, Arevalo JF, Fromow-Guerra J; Mexican Endophthalmitis Study Group (Mex-ESG). Combined Therapeutic Penetrating Keratoplasty and Pars Plana Vitrectomy for the Treatment of Infectious Keratitis Endophthalmitis: Mexican Endophthalmitis Study Group Protocol 4. Cornea. 2022 Sep 17.

Zhou A, Ong SS, Ahmed I, Arevalo JF, Cai CX, Handa JT. Socioeconomic disadvantage and impact on visual outcomes in patients with viral retinitis and retinal detachment. J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect. 2022 Aug 2;12(1):26.

Awidi A, Ahmed I, Daoud YJ. Management of corneal haze and edema post-PRK. JCRS Online Case Reports. 2022 July; 10(3)e00079.


Ong SS*, Ahmed I*, Gonzales A, Aguwa UT, Beatson B, Dai X, Pham AT, Shah YS, Zhou A, Arsiwala LT, Wang J, Handa JT. Management of uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachments: a comparison of practice patterns and clinical outcomes in a real-world setting. Eye (Lond). 2022 Mar 25. 


Ong SS, Ahmed I, Gonzales A, Al-Fakhri AS, Al-Subaie HF, Al-Qhatani FS, Alsulaiman SM, Mura M, Maia M, Kondo Kuroiwa DA, Maia NT, Berrocal MH, Wu L, Zas M, Francos JP, Cubero-Parra JM, Arsiwala LT, Handa JT, Arevalo JF. Vitrectomy versus Vitrectomy with Scleral Buckling in the Treatment of Giant Retinal Tear Related Retinal Detachments: An International Multicenter Study. Ophthalmol Retina. 2022 Mar 15:S2468-6530(22)00102-6.


Beatson B, Pham A, Ong S, Ahmed I, Arevalo JF, Handa JT. Repair of Progressive Retinal Detachment Complicating Degenerative Retinoschisis: Surgical Management and Outcomes in Phakic Eyes. Int J Retina Vitreous. 2021 Nov 18;7(1):69.


Ahmed I, Pradeep T, Goldberg MF, Liu TYA, Aradhya A, Montana MP, Photiadis N, Williams E, Smith B, Tian J, Lanzkron SM, Scott AW. Non-mydriatic ultra-widefield fundus photography in a hematology clinic shows utility for screening of sickle cell retinopathy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2021 Nov 12:S0002-9394(21)00578-8.


Ahmed I, Liu TYA. The impact of COVID-19 on Diabetic Retinopathy Monitoring and Treatment. Curr Diab Rep. 2021 Sep 8;21(10):40.


Ahmed I, Johnston RJ Jr, Singh M. Pluripotent stem cell therapy for retinal diseases. Ann Transl Med. 2021 Aug;9(15):1279.


Ong SS, Ahmed I, Scott AW. Association of acute macular neuroretinopathy or paracentral acute middle maculopathy with sickle cell disease. Ophthalmol Retina. 2021 Jan 18:S2468-6530(21)00013-0. 


Ahmed I, Scott AW. Sickle Cell Retinopathy: Clinical presentation, management, and advances. Retinal Physician (peer-reviewed article). September 2020.


Ahmed I, Scott AW, Goldberg MF, Lutty GA. Hemoglobinopathies. In: Sadda S, eds. Ryan’s Retina. 7th Elsevier; 2022. (Book chapter)


Grima JC, Daigle JG, Arbez N, Cunningham KC, Zhang K, Ochaba J, Geater C, Morozko E, Glatzer JC, Pham JT, Ahmed I, Peng Q, Wadhwa H, Pletnikova O, Troncoso JC, Duan W, Matunis MJ, Snyder SH, Ranum LPW, Thompson LM, Lloyd TE, Ross CA, Rothstein JD. Mutant Huntingtin disrupts the nuclear pore complex. Neuron. 2017 Apr 5;94(1):93-107.


Quinones-Hinojosa A, Raza SM, Ahmed I, Rincon-Torroella J, Chaichana K, Olivi A. Middle temporal gyrus versus inferior temporal gyrus transcortical approaches to high-grade astrocytomas in the mediobasal temporal lobe: A comparison of outcomes, functional restoration, and surgical considerations. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2017;124:159-164.


Hendley AM, Wang YJ, Polireddy K, Alsina J, Ahmed I, Lafaro KJ, Zhang H, Roy N, Savidge SG, Cao Y, Hebrok M, Maitra A, Reynolds AB, Goggins M, Younes M, Iacobuzio-Donahue CA, Leach SD, Bailey JM. p120 Catenin suppresses basal epithelial cell extrusion in invasive pancreatic neoplasia. Cancer Res. 2016 Jun 1;76(11):3351-63.


Ahmed I, Sbodio JI, Harraz MM, Tyagi R, Albacarys LK, Hubbi ME, Grima JC, Kim S, Paul BD, Snyder SH. Huntington’s disease: Neural dysfunction linked to inositol polyphosphate multikinase. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2015 Aug 4;112(31):9751-6.


Hubbi ME, Gilkes DM, Hu H, Kshitiz, Ahmed I, Semenza GL. Cyclin-dependent kinases regulate lysosomal degradation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α to promote cell-cycle progression. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2014 Aug 12;111(32):3325-34.


Xu R, Paul BD, Smith DR, Tyagi R, Rao F, Khan AB, Blech DJ, Vandiver MS, Harraz MM, Guha P, Ahmed I, Sen N, Gallagher M, Snyder SH. Inositol polyphosphate multikinase is a transcriptional coactivator required for immediate early gene induction. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2013 Oct 1;110(40):16181-6.


Hubbi ME, Hu H, Kshitiz, Ahmed I, Levchenko A, Semenza GL. Chaperone-mediated autophagy targets hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) for lysosomal degradation. J Biol Chem. 2013 Apr 12;288(15):10703-14.


Ahmed I*, Liang Y*, Schools S, Dawson VL, Dawson TM, Savitt JM. Development and characterization of a new Parkinson’s disease model resulting from impaired autophagy. J Neurosci. 2012 Nov 14; 32(46):16503-9.


Pendleton C*, Ahmed I*, Quinones-Hinojosa Neurotransplantation: lux et veritas, fiction or reality? J Neurosurg Sci. 2011 Dec; 55(4):297-304.

Activities & Honors


  • 2023 Robert Brockhurst Academic Development Award
  • 2021 Heed Fellowship
  • 2020 Vitreoretinal Surgery Foundation Research Award

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