Skip Navigation
Find a Doctor


Photo of Dr. Arnold Bakker

Arnold Bakker, M.A., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences


  • Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Research Interests

Diffusion tensor imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging; Experimental behavioral assessment and advanced neuroimaging methods; Impaired memory function in aging and disease using neuropsychological assessment; Neural mechanisms of normal memory function; Cognitive neuroscience of human memory


  • English
Additional Resources +
  • Education +


    • B.A./M.A., Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands, 2002
    • M.A., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 2007
    • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, 2011
  • Research & Publications +

    Research Summary

    My research focuses on the cognitive neuroscience of human memory. I study the neural mechanisms underlying normal memory function and impaired memory function in aging and disease using neuropsychological assessment, experimental behavioral assessment and particularly advanced neuroimaging methods, including structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

    Selected Publications

    Bakker, A., Krauss, G.L., Albert, M.S., Speck, C.L., Jones, L.R., Stark, C.E., Yassa, M.A., Bassett, S.S., Shelton, L., & Gallagher, M. (2012). Reduction of hippocampal hyperactivity improves cognition in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Neuron, 74, 467-474.

    Marchette, S., Bakker, A., & Shelton, A.L. (2011). Cognitive mappers to creatures of habit: differential engagement of place and response learning mechanisms predicts human navigational behavior. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 15264-15268.

    Brandt, J., Bakker, A., & Aaron Maroof, D. (2010). Auditory confrontation naming in Alzheimer’s disease. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 24,1326-1338.

    Gallagher, M., Bakker, A., Yassa, M.A., & Stark, C.E.L. (2010). Bridging neurocognitive aging and disease modification: targeting functional mechanisms of memory impairment. Current Alzheimer’s disease Research, 7, 197-199.

    Bakker, A., Kirwan, C.B., Miller, M., & Stark, C.E.L. (2008).  Pattern separation in the human hippocampal CA3 and dentate gyrus. Science, 319, 1640-1642.

  • Academic Affiliations & Courses +
  • Activities & Honors +
  • Videos & Media +
  • Events +
  • Contact & Locations +


    • Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

    For Research Inquiries Contact

    600 N. Wolfe Street
    Phipps 300
    Baltimore, MD 21287

    Phone 410-502-6944
    Fax 410-614-3676


Is This You? Edit Profile


© The Johns Hopkins University, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, and Johns Hopkins Health System. All rights reserved.

Privacy Policy and Disclaimer