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Arnold Bakker, M.A., Ph.D.

Arnold Bakker, M.A., Ph.D.

Photo of Dr. Arnold Bakker, M.A., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Research Interests: Cognitive neuroscience of human memory; Neural mechanisms of normal memory function; Impaired memory function in aging and disease using neuropsychological assessment; Experimental behavioral assessment and advanced neuroimaging methods; Structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging; Diffusion tensor imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy more

Contact for Research Inquiries

Phipps Building
600 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Phone: 410-502-6944
Fax: 410-614-3676

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  • Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Departments / Divisions



  • , Tilburg University (The Netherlands)
  • B.A., Tilburg University (The Netherlands) (2002)
  • M.A., Johns Hopkins University (Maryland) (2007)
  • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University (Maryland) (2011)

Research & Publications

Research Summary

My research focuses on the cognitive neuroscience of human memory. I study the neural mechanisms underlying normal memory function and impaired memory function in aging and disease using neuropsychological assessment, experimental behavioral assessment and particularly advanced neuroimaging methods, including structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Clinical Trial Keywords

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), Functional neuroimaging, Memory impairment, Levetiracetam (Keppra)

Clinical Trials

Levetiracetam and Memory Function in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)



Selected Publications

Bakker, A., Krauss, G.L., Albert, M.S., Speck, C.L., Jones, L.R., Stark, C.E., Yassa, M.A., Bassett, S.S., Shelton, L., & Gallagher, M. (2012). Reduction of hippocampal hyperactivity improves cognition in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Neuron, 74, 467-474.

Marchette, S., Bakker, A., & Shelton, A.L. (2011). Cognitive mappers to creatures of habit: differential engagement of place and response learning mechanisms predicts human navigational behavior. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 15264-15268.

Brandt, J., Bakker, A., & Aaron Maroof, D. (2010). Auditory confrontation naming in Alzheimer's disease. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 24,1326-1338.

Gallagher, M., Bakker, A., Yassa, M.A., & Stark, C.E.L. (2010). Bridging neurocognitive aging and disease modification: targeting functional mechanisms of memory impairment. Current Alzheimer's disease Research, 7, 197-199.

Bakker, A., Kirwan, C.B., Miller, M., & Stark, C.E.L. (2008). Pattern separation in the human hippocampal CA3 and dentate gyrus. Science, 319, 1640-1642.

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