Search the Health Library
Get the facts on diseases, conditions, tests and procedures.
I Want To...
I Want To...
Find Research Faculty
Enter the last name, specialty or keyword for your search below.
School of Medicine
Luis Andres Garza, M.D., Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Dermatology
Languages: English, Spanish
Expertise: Dermatology, Wound Healing
Research Interests: Skin Regeneration; Skin Stem Cells; and Wound Healing
Request an Appointment
I live in Maryland
Request an appointment through My
I live outside of Maryland
I live outside of the United States
Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Appointment Phone: 410-955-5933
4940 Eastern Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21224 map
Contact for Research Inquiries
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
1550 Orleans Street
Suite 204 Koch CRBII
Baltimore, MD 21231 map
Phone: 410-955-8662 x 58662
Dr. Luis Andres Garza is an associate professor of dermatology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include wound care and general dermatology.
Dr. Garza received his undergraduate degree in neurobiology from Cornell University. He earned his M.D. and Ph.D. together from the medical scientist training program at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Dr. Garza completed his residency in dermatology at the University of Michigan and performed his fellowship in dermatology at the University of Pennsylvania. He joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 2009.
In addition to treating patients, Dr. Garza runs a molecular biology laboratory that studies skin stem cells and wound healing with an emphasis on identifying the next generation of wound therapeutics and diagnostics.
Dr. Garza is an associate editor for the Journal of Investigative Dermatology. He is a member of the American Academy of Dermatology, the Society for Investigative Dermatology and the North American Clinical Dermatology Society.
- Associate Professor of Dermatology
- Assistant Professor of Oncology
- MD PhD, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine (2001)
- University of Michigan Health System / Dermatology (2005)
- American Board of Dermatology / Dermatology (2005)
Research & Publications
Dr. Garza runs a molecular biology laboratory that studies skin stem cells and wound healing with an emphasis on identifying the next generation of wound therapeutics and diagnostics.
While at the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Garza and Dr. George Cotsarelis discovered that prostaglandins might be the catalyst that causes baldness. They also pinpointed the receptor on the prostaglandin cell, making it a target for possible future therapies for male pattern baldness.
Our group is interested in investigating hypotheses on basic skin questions that are directly relevant to skin disease in humans. We hope that through rigorous hypothesis-driven research into skin biology, we will gain important insights that will directly improve patient care.
Our model system is the skin. To answer basic questions regarding stem cell biology and regeneration, we choose the skin because of its accessibility, the depth of current knowledge, and the complexity of epithelial/mesenchymal interactions in the context of relevant vasculature, nerves and hematopoietic cells.
The current focus of the lab is what controls and maintains skin identity. Regions of our skin are remarkably diverse in function and features. Despite constant cellular turnover, each area’s features are remarkably maintained. We study how, under normal conditions, identity is actively maintained and how it might be manipulated. We also study how, during wounding, skin identity is typically lost (i.e., scar), but in rare situations complete regeneration occurs.
Understanding these questions will have broad significance to regeneration and stem cell biology in multiple organs. Understanding wound healing programs that re-initiate embryonic developmental patterns might eventually lead to insights on how to trigger the re-growth of a severed human limb, for example.
Lab Website: Garza Laboratory
- Nelson AM, Loy DE, Lawson JA, Katseff AS, Fitzgerald GA, Garza LA. "Prostaglandin D2 inhibits wound-induced hair follicle neogenesis through the receptor, Gpr44." J Invest Dermatol. 2013 Apr;133(4):881-9. doi: 10.1038/jid.2012.398. Epub 2012 Nov 29.
- Yang NB, Garza LA, Foote CE, Kang S, Meyerle JH. "High prevalence of stump dermatoses 38 years or more after amputation." Arch Dermatol. 2012 Nov;148(11):1283-6. doi: 10.1001/archdermatol.2012.3004.
- Garza LA, Liu Y, Yang Z, Alagesan B, Lawson JA, Norberg SM, Loy DE, Zhao T, Blatt HB, Stanton DC, Carrasco L, Ahluwalia G, Fischer SM, FitzGerald GA, Cotsarelis G. "Prostaglandin D2 inhibits hair growth and is elevated in bald scalp of men with androgenetic alopecia." Sci Transl Med. 2012 Mar 21;4(126):126ra34. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3003122.
- Christman AL, Selvin E, Margolis DJ, Lazarus GS, Garza LA. "Hemoglobin A1c predicts healing rate in diabetic wounds." J Invest Dermatol. 2011 Oct;131(10):2121-7. doi: 10.1038/jid.2011.176. Epub 2011 Jun 23.
- Garza LA, Yang CC, Zhao T, Blatt HB, Lee M, He H, Stanton DC, Carrasco L, Spiegel JH, Tobias JW, Cotsarelis G. "Bald scalp in men with androgenetic alopecia retains hair follicle stem cells but lacks CD200-rich and CD34-positive hair follicle progenitor cells." J Clin Invest. 2011 Feb;121(2):613-22. doi: 10.1172/JCI44478. Epub 2011 Jan 4.
- Cunninham, D, Spychala K, McLarren KW, Garza LA, Boerkoel CF, Herman GE. "Developmental Expression Pattern of the Cholesterogenic Enzyme NSDHL and Negative Selection of NSDHL-deficient Cells in the Heterozygous Bpa1H/+ Mouse." Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. 2009 Dec;98(4):356-66. doi: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2009.06.016. Epub 2009 Jul 4.
- Wang F*, Garza LA*, Cho S, Kafi R, Hammberg C, Quan T, Hamilton T, Mayes M, Ratanatharathorn V, Voorhees JJ, Fisher GJ, Kang S. "Effect of Increased Pigmentation on the Antifibrotic Response of Human Skin to UV-A1 Photothereapy." Archives of Dermatology. 2008 Jul;144(7):851-8. doi: 10.1001/archderm.144.7.851. *Authors Contributed Equally
- Wang F*, Garza LA*, Kang S, Varani J, Orringer JS, Fisher GJ, Voorhees JJ. "In Vivo Stimulation of De Novo Collagen Production Caused by Cross-linked Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Filler Injections in Photodamaged Human Skin." Archives of Dermatology. 2007 Feb;143(2):155-63. *Authors Contributed Equally
- Hanakawa Y, Lin C, Garza L, Sugai M, Schechter N, Amagai M, Stanley J. "Molecular Mechanisms for Specific Cleavage of Desmoglein 1 by Exfoliative Toxins." Journal of Clinical Investigation. 2002 Jul;110(1):53-60.
- Garza LA and Birnbaum MJ. "Trafficking of the Insulin-Responsive Aminopetidase (IRAP) in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes." Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2000 Jan 28;275(4):2560-7.
- Nelson AM, Reddy Sk, Ratliff TS, Hossain MZ, Katseff AS, Zhu AS, Chang E, Resnik SR, Page C, Kim D, Whiitam AJ, Miller SC, Garza LA. "dsRNA Released by Tissue Damage Activates TLR3 to Drive Skin Regeneration". Cell Stem Cell. 2015 Aug 6; 17(2):139-51.
- Kim D, Hossain MZ, Nieves A, Gu L, Ratliff TS, Mi Oh S, Park A, Han S, Yang NB, Qi J, Taube JM, Kang S, Garza LA. "To Control Site-Specific Skin Gene Expression, Autocrine Mimics Paracrine Canonical Wnt Signaling and is Activated Ectopically in Skin Disease". Am J Pathol. 2016 May; 186(5): 1140-50.
- Nelson AM, Katseff AS, Resnik SR, Ratliff TS, Zhu AS, Garza LA. "Interleukin-6 Null Mice Paradoxically Display Increased STAT3 Activity and Wound-Induced Hair Neogenesis". J Invest Dermatol. 2016 May; 136(5): 1051-3.
- Nelson AM, Katseff AS, Ratliff TS, Garza LA. "Interleukin-6 and STAT3 regulate p63 isoform expression in keratinocytes during regeneration". Exp Dermatol. 2016 Feb; 25(2): 155-7.
Activities & Honors
- Winter Eicosanoid conference NIEHS/NIH Travel Award for Young Investigators, 2011
- Johnson-Beerman Basic Science Research Award, College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 2007
- TAMS University of Michigan Medical Student Appreciation Award for Mentoring, 2005
- University of Michigan Department of Dermatology Upjohn Resident Research Award, 2005
- Michigan Dermatological Society Ralph Coskey Resident Research Award, 2005
- North American Clinical Dermatologic Society Resident Clinical Research Award, 2005
- National Young Investigator Award, Clinical Research AAD, 2005
- Albert Kligman SID Travel Award, 2004
- American Academy of Dermatology
- North American Clinical Dermatology Society
- Society for Investigative Dermatology
Videos & Media
Recent News Articles and Media Coverage
“Scientists Grow New Hair In A Lab, But Don''t Rush To Buy A Comb,” NPR, October 21, 2013
“What to Do If You''re Going Bald,” Men’s Health, May 15, 2013
“A War on Baldness, Fought in the Follicle,” The New York Times, July 28, 2012
“Big Science Zooms in on a New Cure for Baldness,” Los Angeles Times, March 21, 2012