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James Courtney Fackler, M.D.
Director, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowship
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Expertise: Anesthesiology, Critical Care Medicine
Research Interests: Signal fusion and monitoring; Novel respiratory therapies; Acute respiratory distress syndrome
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The Johns Hopkins Hospital (Main Entrance)
Appointment Phone: 410-955-2393
1800 Orleans St.
The Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center Building, Suite 6336
Baltimore, MD 21287 map
Dr. James Fackler is an associate professor of anesthesiology and critical care medicine and pediatrics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. His areas of clinical expertise include acute respiratory distress syndrome, novel respiratory therapies, and signal fusion and monitoring.
Dr. Fackler received his undergraduate degree in biology from the University of Illinois and earned his M.D. from Rush Medical College in Chicago. He completed his residency in anesthesiology and performed a fellowship in pediatric intensive care and pediatric anesthesia at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Fackler joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 2006.
He worked for the Cerner Corporation from 2002 to 2006 and left the position of vice president to return to academic medicine. He founded Oak Clinical Informatics Systems and consults for other device and information integration companies.
Dr. Fackler's research interests include optimizing patient surgical services by analyzing mathematical models of patient flow through hospitals, on either a scheduled or emergency basis.
He serves as the editor for Pediatric Critical Care Medicine and as an ad hoc journal reviewer for many notable publications including New England Journal of Medicine and Critical Care Medicine. He is a member of American Association of Artificial Intelligence, American Medical Informatics Association and the Society for Critical Care Medicine.
Dr. Fackler is a frequent lecturer and panelist on the subject of critical care informatics. He is an expert in data integration.
- Director, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Fellowship
- Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine
Centers & Institutes
- MD, Rush Presbyterian University Medical College (1980)
- Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Pediatrics (1983)
- Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine / Anesthesiology (1986)
- American Board of Anesthesiology / Anesthesiology (1991)
- American Board of Pediatrics / Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (1992)
- American Board of Pediatrics / Pediatrics (1986)
Research & Publications
Dr. Fackler is working to build a mathematical model of how patients flow through a hospital. Approximately half of patients who undergo surgery have been previously scheduled. These are patients who are expected and for whom resources can be appropriately prepared in advance. The other half of patients enter as emergency cases and therefore are less predictable. By modeling the external variability of the latter group, hospitals might become better able to predict the influx of emergency cases. Improvements in predictability would enable hospitals to optimize resource preparation and scheduling of elective procedures, thereby enhancing patient service.
Dr. Fackler is also interested in data acquisition and data mining in the operating room and intensive care unit. In the ICU, each patient has 300–350 associated data elements. Blood pressure, heart rate, potassium concentration and hemoglobin level are just a few examples. Studies have shown that the human brain can comprehend seven individual parcels of data at once. If the data can be sorted into patterns, an individual may be able to manage seven individual patterns. Dr. Fackler hopes to identify patterns among the patient data and establish recognizable trends that occur over time. The understanding of such patterns and trends could help clinical professionals to make more educated, evidence-based decisions on patient care.
- Hardart GE, Fackler JC. "Predictors of intracranial hemorrhage during neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation". J Pediatr 134:156–9, 1999.
- Morrison WE, Haas EC, Shaffner DH, Garrett ES, Fackler JC. "Noise, stress, and annoyance in a pediatric intensive care unit." Crit Care Med 1:113–9, 2003.
- Curley MA, Arnold JH, Thompson JE, Fackler JC, Grant MJ, Fineman LD, Cvijanovich N, Barr FE, Molitor-Kirsch S, Steinhorn DM, Matthay MA, Hibberd PL; for the Pediatric Prone Positioning Study Group. "Clinical trial design–effect of prone positioning on clinical outcomes in infants and children with acute respiratory distress syndrome." J Crit Care 21:23–32, 2006.
- White JR, Veltri MA, Fackler JC. "Preventing adverse events in the pediatric intensive care unit: prospectively targeting factors that lead to intravenous potassium chloride order errors." Pediatr Crit Care Med 1:25–32,2005.
- Morrison WE, Arbelaez JJ, Fackler JC, De Maio A, Paidas CN. "Gender and age effects on outcome after pediatric traumatic brain injury." Pediatr Crit Care Med 5:145–51, 2004.
Activities & Honors
- Alpha Omega Alpha, Rush Medical College, 1979
- American Academy of Pediatrics, 1988 - 1997
- American Association of Artificial Intelligence, 1994
- American Medical Association, 1988 - 1993
- American Medical Informatics Association, 1992
- American Society of Anesthesiologists, 1984 - 1993
- American Telemedicine Association, 2010
- American Thoracic Society, 1995 - 2002
- Association of University Anesthesiologists, 2004
- Committee on Information Technologies, 1993 - 1996
- Electronic Communication Committee, 1998 - 2002
- Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, 1988 - 2002
- Industry Partner, Coalition for Critical Care Excellence, 2003 - 2005
- Massachusetts Medical Society, 1988 - 1996
- Massachusetts Society of Anesthesiologists, 1988 - 1993
- Member Steering Committee, 1994 - 1997
- Society for Critical Care Medicine, 1985
- Suffolk District Medical Society, 1988 - 1996
- Ad hoc reviewer, New England Journal of Medicine
- Ad hoc reviewer, Critical Care Medicine
- Ad hoc reviewer, Intensive Care Medicine
- Ad hoc reviewer, Chest
- Ad hoc reviewer, International Journal of Medical Informatics
- Ad hoc reviewer, Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation
- Chairman, Protocols Committee, 1994 - 1997
- Delegate, House of Delegates, 1994 - 1995
- Editor, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 2001
- Founder, Cardiopulmonary Corp, 2009
Critical Care Informatics and Business Development
- Oak Clinical Informatics Systems, 2008
- Vice Chairman, Electronic Communication Committee, 2001 - 2002
- Vice Chairman, Electronic Communication Committee, 2000 - 2001