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Charley C. Della Santina, M.D., Ph.D.

Charles C. Della Santina, MD PhD
Professor, Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery and Biomedical Engineering
Director, Johns Hopkins Vestibular NeuroEngineering Laboratory
Co-Director, Johns Hopkins Vestibular Clinical Testing Laboratory


Invited Reviews
Della Santina CC, "Working knowledge: Restoring balance with a bionic ear," Scientific American (April 2010)

Peer Reviewed Articles

Johnson L, Della Santina CC, Wang X (2012) “Temporal bone characterization and cochlear implant feasibility in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)”, Hearing Research 2012 May 11. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 22583919

Ward BK, Agrawal Y, Nguyen E, Della Santina CC, Limb CJ, Francis HW, Minor LB, Carey JP (2012) “Hearing outcomes following surgical plugging of the superior semicircular canal by a middle cranial fossa approach,” Otol Neurotol ON-12-110R2 (in press)

Davidovics NS, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Co-modulation of stimulus rate and current from elevated baselines expands head motion encoding range of the vestibular prosthesis,” Exp Brain Res. 2012 May; 218(3):389-400. Epub 2012 Feb 19. PubMed PMID: 22349559.

Rahman MA, Dai C, Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Chiang B, Ahn JH, Hayden R, Melvin TAN, Sun DQ, Hedjoudje A, Della Santina CC (2011) “Restoring the 3D vestibulo-ocular reflex via electrical stimulation: the Johns Hopkins Multichannel Vestibular Prosthesis Project”, Conf Proc. IEEE-EMBC:3142-3145, doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6090857

Sun DQ, Rahman MA, Fridman GY, Dai C, Chiang B, Della Santina CC (2011) “Chronic stimulation of the semicircular canals using a multichannel vestibular prosthesis: Effects on locomotion and angular vestibulo-ocular reflex in chinchillas,” Conf Proc IEEE-EMBC:3519-3523, doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6090584

Roberts DC, Marcelli V, Gillen JS, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Zee DS, “MRI magnetic field stimulates rotational sensors of the brain,” Current Biology (2011) doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.08.029

Kawashima Y, Geleoc G, Kurim K, Labay V, Lelli A, Asai Y, Makishima T, Wu D, Della Santina C, Holt J, Griffith AJ, “Mechanotransduction in Mouse Inner Ear Hair Cells Requires Transmembrane Channel-Like Genes 1 and 2” Journal of Clinical Investigation (2011) 121(12):4796-809. doi: 10.1172/JCI60405. Epub 2011 Nov 21. PubMed PMID: 22105175; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3223072.

Dai C, Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Chiang B, Ahn JH, Della Santina CC, “Restoration of 3D vestibular sensation in rhesus monkeys using a multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” Hearing Research (2011) doi:10.1016/j.heares.2011.08.008

Gazquez I, Lopez-Escamez JA, Moreno A, Campbell CA, Meyer NC, Carey JP, Minor LB, Gantz BJ, Hansen MR, Della Santina CC, Aran I, Soto-Varela A, Santos S, Perez-Garrigues H, Smith R, Lopez-Nevot MA, “Functional variants in NOS1 and NOS2A are not associated with progressive hearing loss in Ménière’s disease in a European Caucasian population,” DNA and Cell Biology (in press 2011)

Hayden R, Sawyer S, Mori S, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, “Virtual Labyrinth model of vestibular afferent excitation via implanted electrodes – Validation and application to design of a multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” Experimental Brain Research Exp Brain Res. 2011 Mar 6. PMID: 21380738

Chiang B, Fridman GY, Dai C, Rahman MA, Della Santina CC, “Design and performance of a multichannel vestibular prosthesis that restores semicircular canal sensation in macaques,” IEEE Trans. Neural Systems and Rehab Engineering 2011 Oct;19(5):588-98. Epub 2011 Aug 18. PMID: 21859631

Kim KS, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, Lasker D, “Variation in response dynamics of regular and irregular vestibular-nerve afferents during sinusoidal head rotations and currents in the chinchilla” Experimental Brain Research 2011 May 210(3-4):643-9.Epub 2011 Mar 3. PubMed PMID: 21369854

Webb S, Grillet N, Andrade L, Xiong W, Swarthout L, Della Santina CC, Kachar B, Mueller U, “Regulation of PCDH15 function in mechanosensory hair cells by alternative splicing of the cytoplasmic domain,” Development 2011 Apr;138(8):1607-17

Dai C, Fridman GY, Chiang B, Davidovics NS, Melvin TA, Cullen KE, Della Santina CC, “Cross-axis adaptation improves 3D vestibulo-ocular reflex alignment during chronic stimulation via a head-mounted multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” Experimental Brain Research 2011 Mar 4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:21374081

Ushio M, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, Lasker DM, “Unidirectional rotations produce asymmetric changes in horizontal VOR gain before and after unilateral labyrinthectomy in macaques,” Experimental Brain Research 2011 Mar 23. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:21431432

Yakushin S, Kolesnikova O, Cohen B, Ogorodnikov D, Suzuki J-I, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Raphan T, “Complementary gain modifications of the cervico-ocular reflex (COR) and angular vestibulo-ocular reflexes after canal-plugging,” Experimental Brain Research 2011 Feb 1. [Epub ahead of print]
PMID:21286691

Dai C, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Effects of vestibular prosthesis electrode implantation and stimulation on hearing in rhesus monkeys,” Hearing Research 2010 Dec 31. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:21195755

Migliaccio AA, Meierhofer R, Della Santina CC, Characterization of the 3D angular vestibulo-ocular reflex in C57BL6 mice,” Experimental Brain Research 2010 Dec 29. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 21190017

Migliaccio AA, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, “Adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex for forward-eyed foveate vision,” Journal of Physiology (2010) Aug 19. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 20724359

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Hayden R, Melvin TA, Fridman GY, Chiang B, Davidovics NS, Dai C, Carey JP, Minor LB, Anderson ICW, Park H, Lyford-Pike S, Tang S, “Current and Future Management of Bilateral Loss of Vestibular Sensation – An update on the Johns Hopkins Multichannel Vestibular Prosthesis Project,” Cochlear Implants International 2010 Sept 11(s2): 2-11.

Agrawal Y, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Schubert MC, Minor LB, “Diabetes, vestibular dysfunction and falls: Analyses from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Otology & Neurotology 2010 Sep 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 20856157.

Davidovics NS, Fridman GY, Chiang B, Della Santina CC, “Effects of biphasic current pulse frequency, amplitude, duration and interphase gap on eye movement responses to prosthetic electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve,” IEEE Trans. Neural Systems and Rehab Eng. 2010 Sep 2. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 20813652; [DOI10.1109/TNSRE.2010.2065241] print: 19(1):84-94.

Francis HW, Masood H, Chaudhry KN, Laeeq K, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Limb CJ, Niparko JK, Bhatti NI, “Objective assessment of mastoidectomy skills in the operating room,” Otology & Neurotology 2010 Jul;31(5):759-65. PMID: 20517169.

Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Dai C, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, “Vestibulo-ocular reflex responses to a multichannel vestibular prosthesis incorporating a 3D coordinate transformation for correction of misalignment,” JARO 2010 Sep;11(3):367-81. PMID: 20177732

Campbell CA, Della Santina CC, Meyer, Horning NC, Smith NB, Myrie OA, Stone EM, Fukushima K, Califano J, Carey JP, Hansen MR, Gantz BJ, Minor LB, Smith RJH. “Polymorphisms in KCNE1 or KCNE3 are not associated with Ménière disease in the caucasian population,” Am. J. Medical Genetics 2009 Dec 23;152A(1):67-74. [Epub] PubMed PMID: 20034061.

Nguyen KD, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, Carey JP. “Vestibular function and vertigo control after intratympanic gentamicin for Ménière's disease,” Audiol Neurootol. 2009;14(6):361-72. Epub 2009 Nov 16. PubMed PMID: 19923806.

Muir GM, Brown JE, Carey JP, Hirvonen TP, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Taube JS. “Disruption of the head direction cell signal after occlusion of the semicircular canals in the freely moving chinchilla,” J Neurosci. 2009 Nov 18;29(46):14521-33. PubMed PMID: 19923286.

Laeeq K, Bhatti NI, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Limb CJ, Niparko JK, Minor LB, Francis HW. “Pilot testing of an assessment tool for competency in mastoidectomy,” Laryngoscope. 2009 Nov 2;119(12):2402-2410. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 19885831.

Crane BT, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, Carey JP. “Middle ear exploration in patients with Ménière's disease who have failed outpatient intratympanic gentamicin therapy,” Otol Neurotol 2009 Aug;30(5):619-24. PubMed PMID: 19503016

Agrawal Y, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Schubert MC, Minor LB (2009) “Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2004,” Arch Intern Med. May 25;169(10):938-44. PubMed PMID: 19468085.

Newman-Toker DE, Sharma P, Chowdhury M, Clemons TM, Zee DS, Della Santina CC (2009) “Penlight-Cover Test - A New Bedside Method to Unmask Nystagmus,” J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. Mar 30. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 19336432.

Yakushin SB, Tarasenko Y, Raphan T, Suzuki J-I, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Cohen B (2009) “Modification of the Cervico-ocular Reflex by Canal Plugging,” Annals NY Acad. Sci. 1164:60-7. Published Online: May 21 2009 12:57PM DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.03775.x

Cohen B, Xiang Y, Yakushin SB, Kunin M, Raphan T, Minor LB, Della Santina CC (2009) “Effect of canal plugging on quadrupedal locomotion in monkey,” Annals NY Acad. Sci. 1164:89-96. Published Online: May 21 2009 12:57PM DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.03845.x

Nguyen KD, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, Carey JP (2009) “Time course of repeated intratympanic gentamicin for Ménière's disease.” Laryngoscope. Apr;119(4):792-8. PubMed PMID: 19213044.

Melvin TN, Della Santina CC, Carey JP, Migliaccio AA (2008) “Effects of cochlear implantation on vestibular function,” Otology & Neurotology 2009 Jan;30(1):87-94

Schubert MC, Della Santina CC, Shelhamer M. (2008) “Incremental angular vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation to active head rotation,” Exp Brain Res. 2008 Dec;191(4):435-46. PMID: 18712370

Tang S, Melvin TN, Della Santina CC (2008) “Effects of semicircular canal electrode implantation on hearing in chichillas,” Acta Otolaryngologica 2008 Jul 10:1-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Della Santina CC (2008) “Cochleostomy placement and vestibular injury,” Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Jun;138(6):812-3

Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC (2007) “Modification of compensatory saccades after aVOR gain recovery,” J Vestib Res. 2006;16(6):285-91.

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Patel AH (2007) “A multi-channel semicircular canal neural prosthesis using electrical stimulation to restore 3D vestibular sensation,” IEEE Transaction on Biomed. Engineering 2007 Jun;54(6 Pt 1):1016-30.

Lyford-Pike S, Vogelheim C, Chu E, Della Santina CC, Carey JP (2007) "Differential uptake explains the selective toxicity of gentamicin for vestibular type I hair cells," JARO 2007 Sep 25; [Epub ahead of print]

Schubert MS, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC (2006) “Dynamic visual acuity in canal planes as a test of isolated semicircular canal dysfunction,” JARO 2006 Dec;7(4):329-38

Della Santina CC and Lee SC (2006) “Ceravital reconstruction after canal wall down mastoidectomy – Long term results,” Archives of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery 2006 Jun;132(6):617-23.

Della Santina CC, Byrne PJ (2006) “Initial management of total nasal septectomy defects using resorbable plating,” Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006 Mar-Apr; 8(2):128-38. PMID: 16549740

Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, Carey JP, Minor LB, Zee DS (2006) “The effect of binocular eye position and head rotation plane on the human torsional vestibuloocular reflex.” Vision Res. 2006 Mar 16; [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 16545855

Migliaccio AA, Schubert MC, Clendaniel RA, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Zee DS (2006) “Axis of eye rotation changes with head-pitch orientation during head impulses about Earth-vertical,” JARO. 2006 Mar 22; [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 16552499

Hourany, R. Aygun N, Della Santina CC, Zinreich S.J. (2005) “Silent sinus syndrome: An acquired condition,” AJNR Am J Neuroradiol October 26:2390-2392.

Della Santina CC, Potyagaylo V, Migliaccio AA, Minor LB, Carey JP (2005) “Orientation of human semicircular canals measured by three-dimensional multi-planar CT reconstruction,” JARO 2005 Aug 9:1-16 [Epub ahead of print]

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Patel AH (2005) “Electrical Stimulation to Restore Vestibular Function – Development of a 3-D Vestibular Prosthesis,” Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2005;7:7380-5

Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, Carey JP, H.W. Francis, L. R. Lustig, J.K. Niparko, Minor LB (2005) “The vestibulo-ocular reflex response to head impulses rarely decreases after cochlear implantation,” Otology & Neurotology. 2005 Jul;26(4):655-60.

Park HJ, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Carey JP (2005) “Search-coil head-thrust and caloric tests in Meniere’s disease,” Acta Otolaryngol. 2005 Aug;125(8):852-7.

Potyagaylo V, Della Santina CC and Carey JP (2005) “Superior canal dehiscence is not due to cephalic displacement of the labyrinth,” Annals NY Acad. Sci. 2005 Apr;1039:498-502

Hullar TE, Della Santina CC, Hirvonen TP, Lasker DM, Carey JP, Minor LB (2004) “Responses of irregularly discharging chinchilla semicircular canal vestibular-nerve afferents during high-frequency head rotations. J Neurophysiol. 2005 May;93(5):2777-86. Epub 2004 Dec 15.

Migliaccio AA, MacDougall HG, Minor LB , Della Santina CC, (2004) “Inexpensive system for real-time 3-dimensional video-oculography using a fluorescent marker array,” J. Neuroscience Methods 2005 Apr 30;143(2):141-50. Epub 2004 Nov 28

Rubinstein J and C. C. Della Santina, “Development of a biophysical model for vestibular prosthesis research,” Journal of Vestibular Research 2002-2003;12(2-3):69-76.

Della Santina CC, Cremer PD, J.P.Carey, and Minor LB (2002) “Comparison of head thrust test and head autorotation test reveals vestibulo-ocular reflex is enhanced during voluntary head movements” Archives of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery 128(9):1044-1054.

Carey JP, Minor LB, Peng GCY, Della Santina CC, Cremer PD and Haslwanter T (2002) “Changes in the three-dimensional vestibulo-ocular reflex following intratympanic gentamicin treatment for Meniere’s disease,” Journal of the Assoc. of Research in Otolaryngology 3(4):430-443

Carey JP, Hirvonen T, Peng GCY, Della Santina CC, Cremer PD, Haslwanter T, Minor LB (2002) “Changes in angular VOR after a single dose of intratympanic gentamicin for Meniere’s disease,” Ann. New York Acad. Sci 2002 Apr; 956:581-4

Della Santina CC, Cremer PD, Carey JP and Minor LB (2001) “The vestibulo-ocular reflex during self-generated head movements by human subjects with unilateral vestibular hypofunction: improved gain, latency and alignment provide evidence for preprogramming,” Ann. New York Acad. Sci 942: 456-466.

Minor LB, Cremer PD, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Streubel SO and Weg N (2001) “Symptoms and signs in superior canal dehiscence syndrome,” Ann. New York Acad. Sci 942:259-273.

Cremer PD, Minor LB, Carey JP, Della Santina CC (2000) “Eye movements in patients with the superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome align with the abnormal canal,” Neurology 55(12):1833-1841.

Della Santina CC, Kovacs GTA, Lewis ER (1997) “Multi-unit recording from regenerated bullfrog eighth nerve using implantable silicon-substrate microelectrodes,” J Neurosci Methods 72:71-86.

Della Santina CC (1994) “Silicon Regeneration-Type Multi-Microelectrodes for Electrophysiology in the Eighth Cranial Nerve,” Doctoral Dissertation, Bioengineering, UC Berkeley/UC San Francisco.

Kovacs GTA, Storment C, Halks-Miller M, Belczynski C, Della Santina CC, Lewis ER, Maluf N (1994) “Silicon-substrate microelectrode arrays for parallel recording of neural activity in peripheral and cranial nerves,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering 41(6):567-577.

Della Santina CC, DeAngelis GC, Lehman S (1989) “Exploring neuromotor control of the forearm reaction to perturbation,” Conf. Proc. IEEE-EMBC (3):951-2, doi 10.1109/IEMBS.1989.95634

Conference Abstracts & Presentations

Campbell CA, Boese BJ, Della Santina CC, Li C, Meyer NC, TeGrootenhuis LT, Webster J, Stephan DA, Najmabadi H, Danashi A, May AP, Fredrickson K, Gantz BJ, Carey JP, Minor LB, Hansen MR, Harkins TT, Smith RJH, “Mutation of SLC45A3 in familial and sporadic Menière’s disease,” American Society of Human Genetics 2012 Annual Meeting Abstracts

Ward BK, Roberts DC, Zee DS, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, “Magnetic field-induced nystagmus in mice,” XXVIIth Congress of the Barany Society, Uppsala, Sweden, 2012

Valentin N, Dai C, Rahman MA, Della Santina CC, Fridman GY, “Development of a human-implantable multichannel vestibular prosthesis via modification of a commercially available cochlear implant,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #382

Davidovics NS, Rahman MA, Dai C, Ahn JH, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Concurrent modulation of pulse frequency and current with coordinate transformation yields improved 3D VOR dynamic range, symmetry and alignment in monkeys using a multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1223

Ahn JH, Lasker DM, Dai C, Della Santina CC, “Multichannel vestibular prosthesis restores vergence-mediated changes in vestibulo-ocular reflex of rhesus monkeys with gentamicin-induced bilateral vestibular hypofunction,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1176

Ahn JH, Lasker DM, Dai C, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Infra-Red laser stimulation modulates vestibular nerve afferent responses in the mammalian labyrinth,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1180

Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Addition of chronic direct current stimulation improves vestibular prosthesis dynamic range,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1121

Hedjoudje A, Hayden R, Dai C, Ahn JH, Rahman MA, Johny MB, Olds K, Mori S, Della Santina CC, “Virtual labyrinth model accurately predicts responses to stimulation using a multichannel vestibular prosthesis in rhesus monkeys,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1024 (invited symposium lecture)

Kawashima Y, Géléoc GSG, Kurima K, Labay V, Asai Y, Horwitz G, Makishima T, Wu DK, Della Santina CC, Griffith AJ, Holt JR, “Mechanotransduction in mouse vestibular hair cells requires transmembrane channel-like genes 1 or 2,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting

Dai C, Ahn JH, Lasker D, Della Santina CC, “Repeated unidirectional rotations reduce vestibulo-ocular reflex gain asymmetry in rhesus monkeys using a unilateral multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1159

Dai C, Ahn JH, Lasker D, Della Santina CC, “Responses of vestibular-deficient rhesus monkeys to prosthetic stimulation via a multichannel vestibular prosthesis are enhanced when multisensory inputs are congruent,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1168

Dai C, Ahn JH, Fridman GY, Rahman MA, Della Santina CC, “Electrically-evoked compound action potentials and 3D vestibulo-ocular reflex are correlated to each other and to electrode position in rhesus monkeys using a multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting abstract #1306

Ward BK, Ritzl EK, Guiterrez-Hernandez S, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Carey JP, Electrocochleography SP/AP ratio is associated with superior canal dehiscence length,” ARO 2012 Annual Meeting

Johnson L, Della Santina CC, Wang X, “Cortical representations of time-varying cochlear implant stimulation in awake primate,” Conf on Implantable Auditory Prostheses 2011 Abstr A15

Eron JN, Davidovics NS, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, “Difference in vestibulo-ocular reflex compensation after unilateral labyrinthectomy in c57bl6 and α9 knockout mice,” Society for Neuroscience 2011- S-16598-SfN

Johnson L, Della Santina CC, Wang X, “Comparison between single neuron responses to cochlear implant and acoustic stimulation in auditory cortex of awake primate,” Society for Neuroscience 2011-S-12964-SfN

Davidovics NS, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Effects of baseline stimulation while modulating pulse rate and current amplitude in the vestibular prosthesis,” Society for Neuroscience 2011

Roberts DC, Marcelli V, Gillen J, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Zee DS, “MRI magnetic field directly stimulates rotational sensors in the labyrinth,” Society for Neuroscience 2011-S-15204-SfN

Rahman MA, Dai C, Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Chiang B, Ahn JH, Hayden R, Melvin TAN, Sun DQ, Hedjoudje A, Della Santina CC, “Restoring the 3D Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex via Electrical Stimulation: The Johns Hopkins Multichannel Vestibular Prosthesis Project”, Conf Proc. IEEE-Engineering in Medicine & Biology Conf. 2011

Della Santina CC, Hoffman HJ, “Bilateral loss of vestibular sensation - An unmet need: An introduction to the Symposium on Prosthetic Stimulation of the Vestibular System,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #259

Della Santina CC, Fridman GY, Dai C, Davidovics NS, Chiang B, Rahman MA, Mitchell D, Cullen KE, Kalayjian Z, Andreou A, Migliaccio AA, Hayden R, Melvin TA, Lie T, Ahn JH, Sun D, Jones N, Valentin N, “Restoring the Sixth Sense in 3D: An Update on the Johns Hopkins Multichannel Vestibular Prosthesis Project,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #264

Cullen KE, Mitchell D, Della Santina CC, Sadeghi S, “Restoring the Sixth Sense in 3D: Central Responses to Prosthetic Stimulation,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #265

Lasker D, Ushio M, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, “Retinal position error is sufficient for driving vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #1001

Yakushin SB, Kolesnikova OV, Ogorodnokov DA, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Raphan T, Cohen B, “Adaptation of the cervico-ocular and angular vestibulo-ocular reflexes (COR and AVOR) by visual-cervical mismatch in rhesus and cynomolgus monkeys after canal plugging,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #999

Davidovics NS, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Dependence of eye movement responses on baseline stimulation rate during prosthetic electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #508

Dai C, Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Chiang B, Rahman M, Della Santina CC, “Adaptation of 3D angular vestibulo-ocular reflex to chronic stimulation via a multichannel vestibular prosthesis in primates,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #509

Dai C, Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Chiang B, Della Santina CC, “Restoration of 3D vestibular sensation via a multichannel vestibular prosthesis in rhesus monkeys,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #510

Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Dai C, Della Santina CC, “Encoding contralateral head rotation in a vestibular prosthesis using anodic DC stimulation to selectively inhibit vestibular nerve,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #511

Johnson L, Della Santina CC, Wang X, “Neural responses to cochlear implant stimulation in auditory cortex of awake marmoset,” ARO 2011 Annual Meeting abstract #943

Eron JL, Davidovics NS, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, “Mechanisms of short-term vestibular compensation after unilateral labyrinthectomy in mice,” Abst 677.4/OO16 Society for Neuroscience 2010

Johnson L, Della Santina CC, Wang X, “Cortical responses to cochlear implant stimulation in the awake marmoset,” Abst 481.8/SS5 Society for Neuroscience 2010

Campbell CA, Boese B, Meyer NC, TeGrootenhuis LT, Webster J, Li C, Stephan DA, Della Santina CC, Carey JP, Minor LB, Hansen MR, Gantz BJ, Harkins TT, Smith RJH, “A novel Ménière’s disease locus maps to chromosome 1q32.1-q32.3,” American Society of Human Genetics 2010

Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Dai C, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, “Vestibulo-ocular reflex responses to a multichannel vestibular prosthesis incorporating a 3d coordinate transformation for correction of misalignment,” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Davidovics NS, Fridman GY, Chiang B, Della Santina CC, “Effects of biphasic current pulse frequency, amplitude, duration and interphase gap on eye movement responses to prosthetic electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve,” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Chiang B, Fridman GY, Dai C, Della Santina CC, “Design and performance of a multichannel vestibular prosthesis that restores semicircular canal sensation in rhesus monkey,” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Dai C, Chiang B, Fridman GY, Davidovics NS, Della Santina CC, “3D angular vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation to chronic motion-modulated multichannel prosthetic stimulation of semicircular canal ampullary nerves,” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Migliaccio AA, Meierhofer R, Della Santina CC, “Static to high-frequency testing of the 3D angular vestibulo-ocular reflex in the mouse suggests low-frequency optimization,” Symposium on the Vestibular System: Current Research and Future Directions, Reykholt, Borgarfjörður, Iceland August 2010

Migliaccio AA, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, “Comparison of the 3D vestibulo-ocular reflex isotropy in chinchillas and primates suggests low roll gain is a specialization of forward-eyed foveate species,” Symposium on the Vestibular System: Current Research and Future Directions, Reykholt, Borgarfjörður, Iceland August 2010

Hayden R, Olds K, Lie TJ, Kang X, Mori S, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, “A virtual labyrinth incorporating the Smith and Goldberg model of vestibular afferent physiology - validation and application to design of a multichannel vestibular prosthesis,” Symposium on the Vestibular System: Current Research and Future Directions, Reykholt, Borgarfjörður, Iceland August 2010

Della Santina CC and Hoffman HJ, “Prevalence and impact of bilateral vestibular deficiency: Results from the 2008 United States National Health Interview Survey of 21,782 adults,” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Hoffman HJ, Cohen HS, Della Santina CC, Sklare DA, “Balance and dizziness problems and falls in the United States: Results from the 2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS),” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Yakushin SB, Kolesnikova OV, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Raphan T and Cohen B, “Modification of the cervico-ocular reflex (COR) by visual-cervical interaction,” XXVIst Congress of the Barany Society, Háskólatorg, University of Iceland, Reykjavík, 2010

Della Santina, et al., “Restoring the Sixth Sense in 3D: An update on the Johns Hopkins Multichannel Prosthesis Project,” Symposium on the Vestibular System: Current Research and Future Directions, Reykholt, Borgarfjörður, Iceland August 2010

Dai C, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Effects of vestibular electrode implantation and prosthetic stimulation on hearing in rhesus monkeys,” ARO 2010

Dai C, Fridman GY, Chiang B, Davidovics NS, Della Santina CC, “3D aVOR adaptation to chronic motion-modulated multi-channel prosthetic stimulation of semicircular canal ampullary nerves,” ARO 2010

Davidovics NS, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Effects of stimulus pulse parameters on eye movement responses to stimulation delivered by a vestibular prosthesis,” ARO 2010

Fridman GY, Davidovics ND, Dai C, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, “Multichannel vestibular prosthesis using linear coordinate axis transformation stabilizes eyes for head rotation about any axis,” ARO 2010

Johnson LA, Della Santina CC, Wang X, “Developing a new non-human primate model for cochlear implant research,” #70.12 Neuroscience 2009

Kolesnikova OV, Cohen B, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Raphan T and Yakushin SB, “Adaptation of the cervio-ocular reflex (COR) in normal and canal-plugged monkeys,” #357.4 Neuroscience 2009

Y Xiang, SB Yakushin, M Kunin, T Raphan, L Minor, CC Della Santina, B Cohen, “Inaccurate paw placement during quadrupedal locomotion after canal-plugging in monkeys,” #357.2 Neuroscience 2009

Johnson, LA, Della Santina, CC, Wang, X. “Developing a new non-human primate model for cochlear implant research.” Conference on Implantable Auditory Prostheses (CIAP), Lake Tahoe, CA, July 2009

Chiang B, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Enhancements to the Johns Hopkins Multi-Channel Vestibular Prosthesis yield reduced size, extended battery life, current steering and wireless control,” #213, ARO 2009

Davidovics N, Fridman GY, Della Santina CC, “Linearity of stimulus-response mapping during semicircular canal stimulation using a vestibular prosthesis,” #186, ARO 2009

Lie TS, Chiang B, Law Y, Tan G, Romano R, Wo L, Migliaccio AA, Macdougall HG, Della Santina CC, “A small inexpensive motor for head impulse testing of vestibular function,” #184, ARO 2009

Yakushin SB, Tarasenko Y, Raphan T, Suzuki JI, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Cohen B, “ Modification of the torsional cervico-ocular reflex (COR) by canal-plugging,” #963, ARO 2009

Fridman G, Melvin TN, Davidovics NS, Della Santina CC, “Linearity of the 3-D vestibulo-ocular reflex response to electrical stimulation delivered by a multichannel vestibular prosthesis to the semicircular canals,” BMES 2008

Cohen B, Yakushin SB, Suzuki J-I, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, and Raphan T, “Frequency characteristics of the cervico-ocular reflex (COR) in normal and canal-plugged monkeys,” Soc for Neurosci Ann Mtg 2008

Minor LB, Carey JP, Cullen KE, Della Santina CC, Lasker DM, Sadeghi SSG, “Interactions of basic research and clinical investigation in the vestibular system,” Basic & Clinical Aspects of Vertigo & Dizziness, Kloster Seeon, Germany 2008

Cohen B, Xiang Y, Yakushin SB, Kunin M, Raphan T, Suzuki JI, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, "Effect of canal plugging on gait and head movements in monkeys during quadrupedal locomotion," Basic & Clinical Aspects of Vertigo & Dizziness, Kloster Seeon, Germany 2008

Yakushin SB, Raphan T, Suzuki JI, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Cohen B, "The cervico-ocular reflex in normal and canal-plugged monkeys," Basic & Clinical Aspects of Vertigo & Dizziness, Kloster Seeon, Germany 2008

Minor LB, Carey JP, Cullen KE, Della Santina CC, Lasker DM, Sadeghi S, "Interactions of Basic Research and Clinical Investigation in the Vestibular System," Vestibular System in Health & Disease, Germany 2008

Della Santina CC, Hayden RP, Migliaccio AA, Melvin TM, Fridman YG, "The Johns Hopkins Multichannel Vestibular Prosthesis – Restoring semicircular canal sensation in chinchillas after bilateral gentamicin ototoxic injury," XXV Barany Society Congress, Kyoto 2008

Cohen B, Xiang Y, Yakushin SB, Kunin M, Raphan T, Minor L, Della Santina CC, “The role of canal afference in gait and gaze stabilization in monkey during quadrupedal locomotion: Effects of canal-plugging,” XXV Barany Socitey Congress, Kyoto 2008

Migliaccio AA, Meierhoffer R, Della Santina CC, Reeves R, "3D Angular vestibulo-ocular reflex of C57BL6 and Ts65Dn mice," Abstr 791, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Phoenix 2008

Schubert M, Shelhamer M and Della Santina CC, "VOR adaptation to active head impulses," Abstr 793, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Phoenix 2008

Tang S, Melvin TN, Della Santina CC, "Effects of vestibular implantation on hearing in chinchillas," Abstr 78, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Phoenix 2008

Hayden RP, Mori S, Della Santina CC, "An electroanatomical/neuromorphic model to guide electrode design for a multichannel vestibular prosthesis," Abstr 792, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Phoenix 2008

Melvin TN, Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, "Effects of cochlear implantation on vestibular function," Abstr 244, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Phoenix 2008

Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, Carey JP, “Vergence-mediated modulation of the human vestibulo-ocular reflex during galvanic stimulation,” Abstr 795, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Phoenix 2008

Della Santina CC, Hayden R, Migliaccio AA, Melvin T, "Restoring semicircular canal sensation using the Johns Hopkins Multichannel Vestibular Prosthesis," Proc Biomed. Engineering Soc Ann Mtg, Sept 2007

Xiang Y, Yakushin SB, Kunin M, Raphan T, Minor LB, Della Santina CC, Cohen B, “Changes in quadrupedal locomotion and head stabilization in space after canal-plugging in monkey,” Soc for Neurosci. Ann. Mtg, San Diego 2007

Soledad Boleas M, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Carey LP, "Longitudinal results with intratympanic dexamethasone in the treatment of Meniere’s disease," American Neurotol. Soc Ann. Mtg, San Diego, 2007

Hayden RP, Mori S, Frey E, Della Santina CC, "An anatomically precise finite element model predicts current flow in labyrinths implanted with a multi-channel vestibular prosthesis," Abstract #941, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Denver 2007

Hayden RP and Della Santina CC, "Paired linear accelerometers emulate gyros to reduce power consumption and size for an implantable multi-channel vestibular prosthesis,"
Abstract #942, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Denver 2007

Migliaccio AA and Della Santina CC, "Videooculography system for 3D angular eye position measurement in the mouse," Abstract #943, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Denver 2007

Migliaccio AA, Minor LB and Della Santina CC, "The 3-Dimensional angular vestibulo-ocular reflex
evoked by high-acceleration rotations in normal chinchilla is conjugate, nonlinear and isotropic," Abstract #944, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Denver 2007

Schubert M, Shelhamer M and Della Santina CC, "Incremental adjustment of velocity error signal enhances VOR adaptation," Abstract #974, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg, Denver 2007

Campbell CA, Della Santina CC, Smith NB, Carey JP, Minor LB, Smith RJH (2006) "Is Ménière’s disease associated with polymorphisms in KCNE1 or KCNE3 in the United States?" American Society of Human Genetics Ann. Mtg., New Orleans Oct 2005

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Patel AH, Carey JP, Park HJ, Anderson ICW, Minor L (2006) “A Multichannel Implantable Prosthesis for Restoration of 3D Vestibular Function,” Abstract 9, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg 2006

Allak A, Della Santina CC, Schubert MC (2005) “Dynamic visual acuity in canal planes as a test of isolated semicircular canal dysfunction,” Society for Neuroscience Annual Mtg, Washington DC Nov 2005

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Patel AH (2005) “A Multichannel Implantable Prosthesis for Restoration of 3D Vestibular Function,” Proceedings of the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Mtg, Sept 29, 2005

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Park HJ, Anderson IW, Jiradejvong P, Minor LB and Carey JP, “3D Vestibuloocular reflex, afferent responses and crista histology in chinchillas after unilateral intratympanic gentamicin,” Abstract 813, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg 2005

Stewart CM, Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Minor LB, Carey JP, “Intratympanic gentamicin in human subjects: A lesion intermediate between canal plugging and surgical destruction,” Abstract 1391, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg 2005

Migliaccio AA, Schubert M, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, Clendaniel R, “The axis of eye rotation during the vestibuloocular reflex can obey a half angle rule,” Abstract 736, Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology Ann Mtg 2005

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Park HJ, Jiradejvong P, Minor LB and Carey JP, “Vestibulo-ocular reflex of chinchilla after unilateral intratympanic gentamicin,” Abstract 411.6, Society for Neuroscience Ann Mtg 2004

Campbell CA, Della Santina CC, Avenarius MR, Carey JP, Minor LB, Smith NB, Van Camp G, Smith RJH, “Genetic analysis of Meniere’s disease,” 5th Molecular Biology of Hearing and Deafness 2004

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA and Minor LB, “Vestibulo-ocular reflex of chinchilla during head rotation and functional vestibular electrical stimulation,” Barany Society 2004 Congress, Paris

Della Santina CC, Potyagaylo V Migliaccio AA, Minor LB and Carey JP, “Orientation of human vestibular labyrinth semicircular canals,” Clinical and Basic Oculomotor Research (Satellite Mtg of the Barany 2004 Congress), Siena, July 2004

Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, Carey JP and Zee DS, “The human angular torsional vestibulo-ocular reflex: effects of eye position and head rotation plane.” Barany Society 2004 Congress, Paris

Della Santina CC, Potyagaylo V Migliaccio AA, Minor LB and Carey JP, “Orientations of human vestibular labyrinth semicircular canals,” Abstract 272, Assoc. for Research in Otolaryng. Ann Mtg 2004

Potyagaylo V, Della Santina CC, Minor LB and Carey JP “Superior canal dehiscence is not due to cephalic displacement of the labyrinth,” Assoc. for Research in Otolaryng. Ann Mtg 2004

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA, Carey JP and Minor LB, “Vestibulo-ocular reflex of chinchilla during high frequency head rotation and electrical stimuli,” Abst 13759, Soc for Neurosci Ann Mtg 2003

Della Santina CC, Migliaccio AA and Minor LB, “Vestibulo-ocular reflex of chinchilla during head rotation and functional vestibular electrical stimulation,” NIH Neural Prosthesis Program Workshop 2003

Rubinstein JT & Della Santina CC, “Development of a biophysical model for a vestibular prosthesis,” Biomedical Engineering Society2003 Annual Meeting, Nashville

Della Santina CC, Hullar TE, Carey JP, Migliaccio AA and Minor LB, “Comparison of vestibular nerve afferent and eye movement responses to galvanic and rotational stimuli,” American Otological Society Annual Meeting 2003, Nashville

Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, Carey JP, Francis HW, Lustig LR, Niparko JK, Minor LB, “Function of the vestibulo-ocular reflex before and after cochlear implantation,” Cochlear Implants in Children 2003, Washington DC.

Della Santina CC, Lewis ER, “The spatial distribution of nodes of Ranvier and ‘units’ recorded using microelectrodes in the eighth nerve,” Assoc for Research in Otolaryng. 2002 Annual Mtg, St. Pete’s Beach

Della Santina CC, Cremer PD, Carey JP, Minor LB , “Increased gain, shortened latency and improved 3D alignment – evidence for preprogramming of the vestibular ocular reflex during self-generated head movements by human subjects with unilateral vestibular hypofunction,” Washington University Vestibular Function Conf. 2000, St. Louis

Carey JP, Haslwanter TP, Della Santina CC, Peng CGY, Minor LB, “Preservation of semicircular canal function in gentamicin treatment of Meniere’s disease,” Society for Neuroscience 2000 Annual Meeting, Washington DC

Cremer PD, Minor LB, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, “Vibration-induced nystagmus in superior canal dehiscence syndrome,” Society for Neuroscience 2000 Annual Meeting, Washington DC

Della Santina CC, Cremer PD, Carey JP, Minor LB, “Preprogramming augments the VOR during voluntary head movements - Implications for choosing a test of vestibular function,” Maryland Soc. of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery 2000 Annual Research Meeting, Baltimore

Della Santina CC, P. D. Cremer, Carey JP, Minor LB “Shortened latency and improved alignment imply preprogrammed mechanisms contribute to VOR during active head rotation after unilateral labyrinthectomy,” Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology 2000 Annual Meeting, St. Pete’s Beach

Carey JP, T. Haslwanter, Della Santina CC, Minor LB “3D VOR shows preserved canal function after intratympanic gentamicin for Meniere's Disease,” Assoc for Research in Otolaryngology 2000 Annual Meeting, St. Pete’s Beach

Cremer PD, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, “Superior canal dehiscence syndrome: characteristics of sound- and pressure-induced nystagmus,” ARO 2000 Annual Meeting, St. Pete’s Beach

Della Santina CC, Carey JP, P. D. Cremer, Minor LB “Comparison of passive head impulses and sinusoidal vestibular autorotation as measures of human vestibulo-ocular reflex function,” Society for Neuroscience 1999 Annual Meeting, Miami Beach

Cremer PD, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Minor LB, “Three dimensional examination of sound- and pressure-induced nystagmus in patients with superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome: axis of nystagmus is parallel to the anatomic axis of the affected canal,” Society for Neuroscience 1999 Annual Meeting, Miami Beach

Della Santina CC, Kovacs GTA, Lewis ER, “Modeling and measuring the distribution of nodes of Ranvier and units in bullfrog eighth nerve aids in microelectrode design,” Society for Neuroscience 1995 Annual Meeting 21(1):398, San Diego CA

Della Santina CC, Storment CW, Lewis ER and Kovacs GTA, “Chronic multicellular recording from eighth cranial nerve using silicon regeneration microelectrodes,” Society for Neuroscience 1993 Annual Meeting 19(1):887, Washington, DC

Della Santina CC, Lewis ER and Kovacs GTA, “Neural interfaces for auditory physiology research,” NIH Neural Prostheses 1992 Workshop, Bethesda

Hatzakis M, Della Santina CC, Maluf N and Kovacs GTA “Automated system for evaluation of stimulation and recording electrodes,” NIH Neural Prostheses 1992 Workshop, Bethesda

Grattarola M, Kovacs GTA, Martinoia S, Belczynski C, Cambiaso A, Storment C, Tedesco M and Della Santina CC, "In Vitro Networks of Neurons: Technological and Cytometric Aspects," Medical and Biological Engineering & Computing, Vol. 29 Supplement, July 1991, p.664

Della Santina CC, DeAngelis GC, and Lehman S, “Exploring neuromotor control of the forearm reaction to perturbation,” IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 1989 Annual Intl Conf, Seattle

Published Book Chapters

Della Santina CC and Lustig LR and “Implantable Middle Ear and Bone Conduction Hearing Devices,” in Glasscock-Shambaugh Surgery of the Ear, edited by Julianna Gulya, Lloyd Minor and Dennis Poe. (2010)

Carey JP and Della Santina CC, “Vestibular Physiology,” in Cummings Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, 5th Edn (Editor P. W. Flint), Elsevier. 2009.

Della Santina CC and Lustig LR and “Implantable Hearing Devices,” in Cummings Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, 5th Edn (Editor P.W. Flint). Elsevier. 2009.

Della Santina CC, “Evaluation of vestibular function prior to cochlear implantation,” in Cochlear Implants, 2nd edition (Editor, J. K. Niparko). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2009.

Della Santina CC, Carey JP, Minor LB, “The Vestibular System,” in Essential Otolaryngology, 9th Edn (Editor KJ Lee). McGraw-Hill. 2008.

Della Santina CC, Carpenter R, Niparko JK, “Cochlear Implants and Implantable Hearing Devices,” in Clinical Otology, 3rd Edn (Editors G. Hughes & M. Pensak). Thieme. 2007.

Carey JP and Della Santina CC, “Principles of Applied Vestibular Physiology,” Chapter 139 (pp. 3115-59) in Cummings Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, 4th Edn (Editor C.W. Cummings). Mosby. Philadelphia. 2005.

Della Santina CC and Lustig LR and “Implantable Hearing Aids,” in Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, 4th Edn (Editor C.W. Cummings). Mosby. 2005.

Awarded and Published Patents

Della Santina CC, Lie TS, Chiang B, “Systems and methods for testing vestibular and oculomotor function,” International Utility Patent Application No. PCT/US2009/40486, filed April 14, 2009; claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 61/124,122, filed April 14, 2008

Della Santina CC, Faltys MA “Dual cochlear/vestibular stimulator with control signals derived from motion and speech signals,” United States Patent 7,647,120 (awarded Jan 12, 2010; published 9/6/2007 continuation in part of US Patent 7,225,028 )

Della Santina CC, Faltys MA “Dual cochlear/vestibular stimulator with control signals derived from motion and speech signals,” United States Patent 7,225,028 (awarded May 29, 2007; published 12/1/2005 derivative of provisional patent filed 5/28/04)

Migliaccio AA, Della Santina CC, MacDougall HG “Method and apparatus for three-dimensional video oculography,” United States Patent 7,465,050 (awarded Dec 16, 2008; submitted 2/1/2005, derivative of U.S. provisional patent 60/541,590); PCT#WO 2005/077259 A1

Film and Video

"The Incredible Human Machine [contributor to hearing and vestibular segment]," director Elizabeth Kanter, National Geographic Channel, first aired October 21, 2007.

Press Coverage

Spektrum der Wissenschaft (Germany) April 2011 “Zurück zur Balance” (Back to balance)

Illustrert Vitenskap (Norway) 2011 “Gyroskop i øret kan gi pasienter balansen tilbake” (Gyroscope in the ear can give patients the balance back)

Popular Science 2010 “An Artificial Inner Ear To Eliminate Vertigo

Bloomberg Business Week.com 2009

New Scientist 2007

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