Patients with acute hepatitis B usually recover without intervention. Your doctor will discuss with you if you need a course of medication or other treatment.
Patients with chronic hepatitis B need to follow a course of treatment. There is no cure, but treatment aims to suppress the virus and reduce the likelihood of long-term complications.
Hepatitis B Prevention
There are a number of ways to protect against hepatitis B virus:
Hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG). This is an injection you can receive if you were in close contact with someone who is infected with hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B vaccine . In the United States, this vaccine is often given at birth and is part of the standard immunization schedule.
HBsAg screening . Pregnant women are screened for the presence of this antigen; if the mother has the infection, the infant can receive medication immediately so it will not develop in the child.
Hepatitis B Treatment: Medication
There are five FDA-approved oral medications and one injection available to treat hepatitis B. The newer oral medications are stronger and less likely to develop viral resistance.
The medication cannot cure the disease, but can help reduce the number of viruses in the body and the risk of complications. You may undergo periodic blood tests and liver biopsies to monitor drug resistance and determine whether the medication is having an effect.